Knowledge, attitude and practices about complementary feeding among mothers of children aged 6 to 24 months in tertiary care centre of Kumaun region, India

Ramesh Chand, Ashok Kumar, Nutan Singh, Soniya Vishwakarma


Background: Well-being of child is directly related to the nutritional status of the baby. Malnutrition rate increases between 6 and 18 months- the period of complementary feeding. Complementary feeding is the introduction of semisolid or solid food in infant who is on breast feeding, when mother’s milk is no longer enough to meet the nutritional needs. Understanding the social beliefs, knowledge, attitude and practices about complementary feeding among mothers is an important step prior to designing an intervention strategy to prevent malnutrition in children. Aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding complementary feeding among mothers.

Methods: Prospective study including 200 mothers with children between 6 to 24 months of age in GMC Haldwani, from December 2017 to May 2018.

Results: Present study shows 60.5% mothers initiate their breast milk soon after delivery. The initiation of complementary food at the age of 8 months, 6 month and 4-5 months were 64 (32%), 104(52%) and 32 (16%) respectively. 68% mothers did not properly clean their children hands and utensils before feeding Use of janam ghutti 64% and dilution of cow milk 79% was the major part of complementary feeding.

Conclusions: Mother’s knowledge regarding timing of complementary feeding is inadequate and practices are inappropriate. Majority of them are not aware of the current recommendations. It is essential to give accurate information and education about complementary feeding to prevent malnutrition and improve the health status of children.


Attitude, Complementary feeding, Knowledge, Practices

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