Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its associated factors among children of known population: an epidemiological study

Vijay Kumar Sukhani, Nasima Banu


Background: Asthma is widely known as a multifactorial respiratory disorder with both genetic and environmental underlying risk factors. Exposures to common allergens and air pollution from various sources have all been implicated as triggers of the disease. Chronic respiratory diseases are leading cause of death worldwide. The objective of this study was to study the prevalence of bronchial asthma and its associated factors among children of known population.

Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study consisting of 400 children. Data was obtained from two government schools and two private schools. Both males and females aged below 10 years were selected for the study. A pretested and validated questionnaire was designed.

Results: The prevalence of asthma in current asthmatics in present study was found to be 20%. The prevalence rate was higher among those with family history of asthma. 82.5% current asthmatics were suffering from rhinitis.

Conclusions: Asthma is a common problem faced in today world especially in children the symptoms and risk factors should not be ignored. Those with family history of asthma should take precautions.


Air pollution, Asthma, Children, Chronic respiratory diseases

Full Text:



Vilas KP. Psychiatric co-morbidity in patients of bronchial asthma. Int J Contemporary Medical Research. 2017;4(9):1876-8.

Khan H, Salman KA. Association of alpha-1-antitrypsin with asthma. Int J Contemporary Medical Research. 2018;5(3):C1-5.

Singh A, Kishan J, Singh P. The most frequently associated signs and symptoms amongst patients reporting to hospital with asthma. Int J Contemporary Med Res. 2017;4(7):1443-6.

Redline S, Gruchalla RS, Wolf RL, Yawn BP, Cartar L, Gan V, et al. Development and validation of school-based asthma and allergy screening questionnaires in a 4-city study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004; 93:36-48.

Pal R, Dahal S, Pal S. Prevalence of Bronchial Asthma in Indian Children. Indian J Community Med. 2009;34(4):310-6.

Pal R, Barua A. Prevalence of childhood bronchial asthma in India. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2008;1:73-5.

Horak E, Lanigan A, Roberts M, Welsh L, Wilson J, Carlin JB, et al. Longitudinal study of childhood wheezy bronchitis and asthma: Outcome at age 42. BMJ. 2003;326:422-3.

Paramesh H. Epidemiology of asthma in India. Indian J Pediatr. 2002;69(4):309-12.

Sharma BS, Kumar MG, Chandel R. Prevalence of asthma in urban school children in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian Pediatr. 2012;49(10):835-6.

Kumar SG, Premarajan KC, Sarkar S, Sahu SK, Sahana, Ambika, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with asthma among school children in rural Puducherry, India. Curr Pediatr Res. 2012;16:159-63.

Jain A, Bhat VH, Acharya D. Prevalence of bronchial asthma in rural Indian children: A cross sectional study from South India. Indian J Pediatr. 2010;77:31-5

Agrawal S. Effect of indoor air pollution from biomass and solid fuel combustion on prevalence of self-reported asthma among adult men and women in India: Findings from a nationwide large-scale cross-sectional survey. J Asthma. 2012;49:355-65

Parasuramalu BG, Huliraj N, Rudraprasad BM, Kumar PSP, Gangaboraiah, Masthi RNR. Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its association with smoking habits among adult population in rural area. Indian J Public Health. 2010;54:165-8.

Ahmed SKN. A clinical study of wheezing child. Int J Contemporary Medical Research. 2016;3(8):2477-80.

Nisar H, Srivastava R. Fundamental concept of psychosomatic disorders: a review. Int J Contemporary Medicine Surg. and Radiol. 2018;3(1):12-8.