DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20164429

Clinical and etiological profile of children with pathological short stature

Ganavi Ramagopal, Jaishree Vasudevan

Abstract


Background: Short stature is one of the common problem in child population with diverse aetiologies, half of them being physiological and another half due to pathological causes. The objective of this study was to study the clinical profile of the children with pathological short stature and to study the various causes for pathological stature

Methods: Retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, where the data of Children who met the inclusion criteria were collected from the case records of 2 years period from Jan 2013 to December 2014. Data collected was tabulated and analyzed using appropriate statistical methods.

Results: Commonest age group affected was < 5 years about 48%, 34% were 5-10 years and 17% were > 10 years. 48% were males and 52% were females. Commonest causes were Hypothyroidism and genetic disorders, followed by nutritional and musculoskeletal. 58% were proportionate and 42% were disproportionate.

Conclusions: Endocrinological and genetic syndromes are most common etiologies for pathological short stature. So detailed evaluation of short stature is very important as some of the pathological causes are treatable when diagnosed at an early stage. 


Keywords


Growth, Height, Short

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