Assessment of nutritional status and its association with feeding practices in children under five years

Saba Syed, Biranchi Das


Background: The level of child and maternal under nutrition remains unacceptable throughout the world. In India 48% of children are stunted, 20 per cent of children under five years of age suffer from wasting due to acute under nutrition.

Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted on 211 children from 6 months - 6 years of age. Data collection included socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements and assessment of infant and young child feeding practices.

Results: A total of 211 (128 females and 83 males) children were included in the study. The prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was observed to be 84 (39.81%), 99 (46.92%) and 47 (22.27%) respectively. Proportions of stunting and underweight was significantly more among children whose mothers reported inappropriate feeding practices as compared to their study counterparts.

Conclusions: Under nutrition of sizeable magnitude is prevalent in children less than six years; as revealed by results of the present study. Past and current Infant and young child feeding practices were found to be significantly associated with under nutrition. 


Anthropometry, Infant and young child feeding practices, Under nutrition

Full Text:



UNICEF. Available at Accessed on 02 November 2016.

Dasgupta R, Sinha D, Yumnam V. Rapid survey of wasting and stunting in children: what’s new, what’s old and what’s the buzz? Ind pediatr. 2016;53(1):47-9.

ICDS. Available at Accessed on 03 November 2016.

National Family Health Survey (NHFS-3), India. International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India; 2006.

Mangal A, Kumar V, Panesar S, Talwar R, Raut D, Singh S. Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification, 2014: a commentary. Indian J Public Health. 2015;59:42-4.

Katepa-Bwalya M, Mukonka V, Kankasa C, Masaninga F, Babaniyi O, Siziya S. Infants and young children feeding practices and nutritional status in two districts of Zambia. International Breast Feeding Journal. 2015;10:5.

Sethi V, Kashyap S, Seth V. Effect of nutrition education of mothers on infant feeding practices. Indian J Pediatr. 2003;70(6):463-6.

Kumar D, Goel N, Mittal P, Misra P. Influence of infant-feeding practices on nutritional status of under-five children. Indian J Pediatr. 2006;73(5):417-21.

Yashoda Devi P, Geervani P. Determinants of nutritional status psychosocial development parameters of children, 1991 of rural preschool children in Andhra Pradesh, India. Food Nutr Bull. 1994;15:335-42.

Saxena N, Nayar D, Kapil, U. Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting. Indian Pediatr. 1997;34:627-31.

Pandve HT, Singru S. Various anthropometric methods of assessment of nutritional status in under five children. Indian Medical Gazette. 2012:349-52.

Vazir S, Engle P, Balakrishna N. Cluster-randomized trial on complementary and responsive feeding education to caregivers found improved dietary intake, growth, and development among rural Indian toddlers. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 2013;9(1):99-117.

Bhutta ZA, Ahmed T, Black RE, Cousens S, Dewey K, Giugliani E, et al. What works? Interventions for maternal and child under nutrition and survival. Lancet. 2008;371:417-40.

Imdad A, Yakoob MY, Bhutta ZA. Impact of maternal education about complementary feeding and provision of complementary foods on child growth in developing countries. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(3):25.