DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20172672

Prevalence of anaemia and visual impairment among primary school children of Ahmedabad City, Gujarat: a cross sectional study

Geet Gunjana, Nisha Upadhyay, Grishma Dixit, Nilesh Thakor

Abstract


Background: Nutritional anemia and visual impairment among school age children are recognized as public health problem worldwide. The objective of the study was to prevalence of anemia and visual impairment among school going adolescents of Ahmedabad city, Gujarat.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried during period from January 2012 to March 2012. 4 schools were selected by purposive sampling. After taking the permission from principals of schools and informed written consent of the parents of the children, 421 children from these schools of Ahmedabad city were examined for anemia and visual impairment. The data was collected by predesigned, pretested performa and analyzed using Epi Info.

Results: Out of total 421 children 205 (48.7%) were female. Mean age of the study children was 7.9 ± 1.06 years. The prevalence of anemia in children in present study was 61.9 % (261 children). The prevalence of anemia in female (134, 62.9%) was higher than males (130, 60.1%). Moderate to severe visual impairment and blindness was 7.2% in girls and 10.5% in boys respectively and the gender difference was not statistically significant. Though 38 (8.9%) children had moderate to severe visual impairment to blindness only 10 (2.3%) children were wearing spectacles.

Conclusions: High prevalence of anemia and visual impairment among these children needs great attention and health education. 


Keywords


Anemia, Primary, School children, School health, Visual impairment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Thakor N, Shukla A, Bala DV, Vala M, Ninama R. Health status of children of primary and secondary boarding schools of Gandhinagar district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3:866-9.

Nayak S, Thakor N, Gadhavi R. Prevalence of Anaemia and visual impairment among school going adolescents of Patan City, Gujarat : A Cross Sectional Study. Ntl J of Community Med. 2015;6(3):449-51.

Ramakrishnan U. Prevalence of micronutrient malnutrition worldwide. Nutr Rev. 2002;60:46S-52S.

Srinivasan K, Prabhu GR. A Study of The Morbidity Status of Children In Social Welfare Hostels In Tirupati Town. Indian J Comm Med. 2006-2007;31(3):51-6.

Panda P, Benjamin AI, Shavinder Singh, Zacharia P. Health Status of School Children in Ludhiana city. Indian J Comm Med. 2000;4:150-5.

Deb S, Dutta S. Relationship of Personal Hygiene with Nutrition and Morbidity Profile: A Study Among Primary School Childern in South Kolkata. Indian J Comm Med. 2010;35(2):282-4.

Osei A, Houser R, Bulusu S, Joshi T, Hamer D. Nutritional Status of Primary School Children in Garhwali Himalayan villages of India. Food Nutr Bull. 2010;31(2):221-33.

Chandna S, Sehgal S. Prevalence of Deficiency Diseases among School Children. Health arid Population-Perspective and Issues 1994;17:108-13.

Rema N, Vasanthamani G. Prevalence of nutrition and lifestyle disorders among school going children in urban and rural areas of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. Indian J Sci Tech. 2011;4(2):131-40.

Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine 21st ed. 2010. ISBN No. 978-81-906079-9-5.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS). District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08:India. Gujarat: Mumbai: IIPS. 2010.