Respiratory compliance of newborns after birth and their short-term outcomes

Pramila Verma, Ashish Kalraiya


Background: Worldwide approximately one million babies die per year due to asphyxia out of which about one third (approximately 3 lakhs) is contributed by our country. The objective of this study was to determine the requirement of respiratory support in newborn babies and their short-term outcomes.

Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted over one year at PCMS and RC Bhopal. Babies who were delivered in PCMS and required respiratory support at birth were enrolled in the study. The medical records of all these babies for resuscitation measures, requirement of respiratory support after hospitalization to the neonatal intensive care unit and their short-term outcome were recorded on a pre-designed study proforma.

Results: During post-resuscitation care in neonatal intensive care unit, 55.5% (30/54) babies required respiratory support. Among them 7.4% (4/54) were supplemented with oxygen for a few hrs, 22.2% (12/54) required positive end expiratory pressure and put on high flow oxygen and air mixture for 24-48 hours. While 25.9% (14/54) newborns required mechanical ventilation for 3-7 days and then switched over to CPAP for the next 24-48 hrs. Out of 54 babies eight babies expired while ten babies went against medical advice. Remaining 36 babies were discharged, of which five babies developed hypoxic ishchaemic encephalopathy.

Conclusions: It is evident from the present study that half of the resuscitated babies further required respiratory support in the NICU. We also concluded that three fourth of the newborns were discharged and had normal short term outcome.


Asphyxia, Newborns, Respiratory

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