A study of dermatoses in patients attending pediatric OPD in a tertiary care hospital of Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India


  • Geet Gunjana Department of Pediatrics, GMERS Medical College, Sola, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Nisha Upadhyay Department of Pediatrics, GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India




Clinical profile, Dermatoses, Paediatrics


Background: Skin diseases in paediatric population are common all over the world. There is a wide variation in the presentation of Dermatoses in various studies. The variation among dermatoses can possibly be due to region of study, prevalent environmental factors, type of population studied, and hygiene and nutritional status and environmental factors. The objective of this study was to study prevalence, pattern of presentation and aetiologies of various dermatoses in paediatrics.

Methods: A prospective, observational, single center study involving 500 patients of Dermatoses was carried out in a pediatric outpatient department. Detailed history, clinical presentation and other relevant parameter were recorded in a case record form and analyzed.

Results: Majority of patients with dermatoses (39.40%) belong to age group of 6 - 16 years with male preponderance. Etiological analysis showed infections and infestations were most common dermatoses. Bacterial infection (184, 36.80%) was most common followed by viral (87, 17.40%), parasitic (51, 10.20%) and fungal (25, 5.00%) infection. Dermatitis was present in 30.6% patients. Diaper dermatitis (19 patients) was the commonest dermatitis present in infants while eczema and urticaria were the commonest dermatitis in school going children.  Pyoderma was the commonest dermatoses in this study, present in 111 patients (22.20%) followed by varicella (14.40%), impetigo (12.80%); scabies (10.20%), eczema (10.20%) and urticaria (7.60%).

Conclusions: Dermatoses in children are a wide spread problem which are responsible for significant morbidity in children. The high incidence of infections and infestations are possibly due to poverty, overcrowding, undernutrition, poor hygiene and lack of health education. Skin of the young children is more prone to develop skin disease.  


Karthikeyan K, Thappa DM, Jeevankumar B. Pattern of Pediatric dermatoses in referral centre in South India. Indian Pediatr. 2004;41(4):373-7.

Thakare S, Singh A, Madnani A, Lakhar B. Scenario of pediatric dermatoses in rural population of central India. Global Journal of Dermatology and Venereology. 2013;1(1):7-10.

Jain N, Khandpur S. Pediatric dermatoses in India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2010;76:451-4.

Thappa DM. Common skin problems in children. Indian J Pediatr. 2002;69(8):701-6.

Sardana K, Mahajan S, Sarkar R, Mendiratta V, Bhushan P, Koranne RV, et al. The spectrum of skin diseases among Indian children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2009;26(1):6-13.

Elfaituri SS. Pediatric dermatoses in Benghazi, Libya. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol. 2015;16:64-71

Burton JL. The logic of dermatological diagnosis. Dowling oration 1980. Clin Exp Dermatol. 1981;6(1):1-21.

Bist JS, Rana SK, Kumari N, Singh R, Mehta AK. Prevalence of skin diseases among infants in a tertiary medical facility in Uttarakhand. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(5):1172-6.

Sayal SK, Bal AS, Gupta CM. Pattern of skin diseases in pediatric age groups and adolescents. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1998;64(3):117-9.

Patel N, Barot J. Pediatric dermatoses encountered in the outpatient department of tertiary care centre. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2015;4(3):178-81.

Jawade SA, Chugh VS, Gohil SK, Mistry AS, Umrigar DD. A clinico-etiological study of dermatoses in pediatric age group in tertiary health care center in South Gujarat region. Indian J Dermatol. 2015;60(6):635.

Sharma NK, Garg BK, Goel M. Pattern of skin diseases in urban school children. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1986;52:330-1.

Chen GY, Cheng YW, Wang CY, Hsu TJ, Hsu MM, Yang PT, et al. Prevalence of skin diseases among schoolchildren in Magong, Penghu, Taiwan: a community-based clinical survey. J Formos Med Assoc. 2008;107(1):21-9.

Kingman S. Growing awareness of skin diseases. Bull WHO. 2005;83:881-8.

WHO. ICD 10: International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision. 2nd edition. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.

Kandhari S. Ecology of skin diseases in India. In: Valia RG, Valia VR, editors. IADVL Textbook of Dematology. 3rd ed. Mumbai India: Bhalani Publishing House; 2008:1-6.

Hayden GF. Skin diseases encountered in a pediatric clinic. Am J Dis Child. 1985;139:36-8.

Khalid A, Mehmood T. Spectrum of pediatric dermatoses and seasonal variation. J Islamic Intern Med Col. 2013;8(3):78-82.

Sharma S, Bassi R, Sodhi MK. Epidemiology of dermatoses in children and adolescents in Punjab, India. J Pak Association Dermatol. 2012;22(3):224-9.






Original Research Articles