Morbidity profile of infants of mothers with gestational diabetes admitted to a tertiary care centre

Devi Meenakshi K., Narayana Babu R., Srinivasan Padmanaban


Background: Infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of neonatal morbidities like birth trauma, hyperbilirubinemia, hypoglycemia, birth asphyxia etc., Maternal glycemic control has been one of the parameters that determines the occurrence of these problems.

Methods: A retrospective study done by analysing the case records of babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes and admitted to the NICU of Govt Kilpauk Medical college from January 2015 to December 2015. The morbidity profile of infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes was analysed and comparison was made between the two groups namely mothers who were managed by meal plan and those who were managed by insulin.

Results: About 198 babies were analysed majority were delivered by caesarean section (83%). Only 2 babies (1%) weighed more than 4000gms. The commonest morbidity observed was hyperbilirubinemia (24.2%) which was 27.7% in the insulin group as against 19% in the group on meal plan. The next common morbidity was sepsis (15.2%). This was also common in insulin group 18.5% as against 10.1% in the meal group. Others were hypoglycemia (4%), congenital heart disease (2.5 %) and respiratory distress syndrome (1.5 %).

Conclusions: Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes were found to have morbidities like hyperbilirubinemia and sepsis. Less commonly found morbidities were hypoglycemia, birth asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome etc., Though the morbidities were more common among insulin group as compared to the group on meal plan this difference was not statistically significant. 


Gestational diabetes, Morbidity, Hypoglycemia

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