DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20171705

Cross sectional study on nutritional status and prevalence of anemia in rural adolescents

Dharmalingam A., Raju Mena, Raghupathy N. S., Sowmiya M.

Abstract


Background: This study is targeted to find out the nutritional status of adolescents in rural population. Studies were done in urban areas of India on nutritional status and anemia prevalence these studies do not reveal the actual prevalence of anemia and malnutrition among adolescents in the rural areas. The purpose of this study is therefore to determine the nutritional status and prevalence of anemia in rural adolescents.

Methods: Five hundred and eight rural adolescent school going and non-school going living in villages around A.V.M.C. and H., Pondicherry of age 10 to 19 years of both sexes were chosen by systemic random sampling. Migration populations were excluded from the study.

Results: Among 24 Villages, of which 20 Camps were conducted and 508 Adolescents were included. The non-school going constituted 8.27% among male and 27.39% among female. Among the school going males were 42.2% and female were 30.5%. Among male, in the school going group, 33.96% in early, 36.14% of middle and 43.94% of late adolescents were under nourished, whereas in non-school going male, 50% in early, 58.33% of middle and 20% of late adolescents were under nourished. In case of female adolescent, in the school going group, 49.18% in early, 20.59% of middle and 18.42% of late adolescents were under nourished whereas in non-school going female, 14.29% in early, 36.84% of middle and 45.95% of late adolescents were under nourished. Stunting is more common among boys from 10 years of age to 14 years of age than girls. After 14 years of age stunting is more common in girls than boys. The average stunting was 46.18% in male and to 48.1% in females.

Conclusions: Under nutrition was found to be a significant problem in both sexes of rural adolescents. Late adolescents were more undernourished in both sexes. Under nutrition was more common in boys than in girls. Anemia was more common in female than in male in both school going and non-school going. Anemia was more common in non-school going than in school going in both sexes. Severe anemia was more common in female of non-school going group. 


Keywords


Anemia, Nutritional Status, Rural Adolescents, Undernourished

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gibbs CM, Wendt A, Peters S, Hogue CJ. The Impact of Early Age at First Childbirth on Maternal and Infant Health. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012;26(1):259-84.

Johnson W, Moore SE. Adolescent pregnancy, nutrition, and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: what we know and what we don’t know. BJOG. 2016;123:1589-92.

Turning the tide of malnutrition, Responding to the challenge of the 21st century, World Health Organisation; 2001

Fall C. Maternal nutrition: Effects on health in the next generation. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130:593-9.

Brabin BJ, Hakimi M, Pelletier D. An Analysis of Anemia and Pregnancy-Related Maternal Mortality. J Nutr. 2001;131(2):604-1S.

Rush D. Nutrition and maternal mortality in the developing world. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;72(1):212-40.

Filippi V, Chou D, Ronsmans C, Graham W, Say L. Levels and Causes of Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Black RE, Laxminarayan R, Temmerman M, et al., editors. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; 2016.

Abu-Saad K, Fraser D. Maternal Nutrition and Birth Outcomes. Epidemiol Rev. 2010;32(1):5-25.

Siegel EH, Stoltzfus RJ, Khatry SK, Leclerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM. Epidemiology of anemia among 4- to 17 -month-old children living in south central Nepal. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006;60:228-35.

UNICEF/UNU/WHO. A guide for programme managers. Geneva: World Health Organization; Iron deficiency anemia: assessment, prevention, and control; 2001:114.

Shill KB, Karmakar P, Kibria MG, Das A, Rahman MA, Hossain MS et al. Prevalence of Iron-deficiency Anaemia among University Students in Noakhali Region, Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr. 2014;32(1):103-10.

Anand K and Kanth S. Nutritional status of adolescents school children in rural North India, Indian Journal for Paediatrics mar. 1999;36:810-6.

Rajarathnam J, Jonathan JP, Rjarathnam, Abel and Ashokan. Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls of a slum community of rural Tamil Nadu. Indian Paediatr. 2000: 37:532-8.

Srivastava M, Agarwal DK, Agarwal A, Agarwal S and Agarwal KN. Nutritional status of rural non-pregnant non-lactating women in reproductive age, Indian J Paediatr. 1998;35(10):975-83.

Massawe, Nanzia S. Anemia in women of reproductive age in Tanzania. Comprehensive summary of Uppsala dissertation in Faculty of Medicine. DiVA. 2002;1151:64.

Choudary S, Mishra CP and Shukla KP. Departement of PSM, IMS, BHU, Varanasi; Energy balance of adolescent girls in rural area Varanasi Indian J Public Health. 2003;47(3):21-8.

Ravichandran C. Nutritional status in preadolescent age group by Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children (Unpublished) proceedings 2005 Ooty PEDICON.

Sidhul S, Kuamar K and Uppal M. Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls of the Scheduled Caste Community India. Anthropologist. 2005;7(4):265-7.

Sabita Basu, Srikanta Basu, Ranjitha Hazarika and Veena Parmer; Prevalance of anemia among school going adolescents of Chandigarh. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42:594.