DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20171684

Profile of newborns discharged from the intensive neonatal care unit submitted to the kangaroo ward

Karla Camila Lima de Souza, ANNY Caroline Ferreira de Carvalho, Natália Maria Chagas Evangelista, Magnely Moura do Nascimento, Andrea Stopiglia Guedes Braide, Maria Goretti Alves de Oliveira da Silveira, Márcia Cardinalle Corrêa Viana, Maria Valdeleda Uchoa Moraes Araújo

Abstract


Background: Describe the profile of newborns discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) sent to a kangaroo ward and their neonatal variables.

Methods: Retrospective and documentary study with a quantitative approach, performed at the General Hospital César Cals, whose sample consisted of 30 charts. The following variables were analyzed: weight, gestational age, Apgar score, gender, race, adequacy of the pregnancy and assistance provided in the NICU and kangaroo ward. The variables were analyzed using Microsoft Excel® 2010 program to obtain percentages.

Results: There was a prevalence of extremely premature infants with high underweight and small size for the gestational age, male gender and browns, with Apgar score at 1st and 5th minutes more than 7, born by cesarean section, who used mechanical ventilation and surfactant, with prevalence of respiratory distress syndrome, with admission weight in Kangaroo ward less than 1.250g, making use of exclusive breast milk, who were attended by physiotherapy and with weight less than 1.600g at discharge, of the variables studied.

Conclusions: Kangaroo care is an excellent cost-effective model for the newborn coming from the neonatal intensive care unit.


Keywords


Birth weight, Kangaroo care, Morbidity, Newborn, Prematurity

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