Nutritional care practices for children from 6 to 24 months old by Cham ethnic mothers

Authors

  • Quang Hien Tran Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, An Giang Women and Children’s Hospital, Long Xuyên, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20241353

Keywords:

Malnutrition, Children aged 6-24 months, Cham ethnic group, Tan Chau commune, An Giang province

Abstract

Background: This study aims to explore the nutritional care practices for children from 6 to 24 months old by Cham ethnic mothers in Tan Chau town, An Giang province in 2018.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on Cham ethnic children aged from 6 to 24 months and their mothers living in Tan Chau town, An Giang province.

Results: The rate of mothers practicing proper and sufficient prenatal care during pregnancy is 74.4%; the rate of mothers engaging in lighter work than before pregnancy is 64.2%; the rate of mothers eating more than before pregnancy is 72.2%; the rate of mothers taking iron supplements during pregnancy is high at 85%. Practices regarding the timing of weaning children are not good, with 36.8% of mothers weaning children at the wrong time. Practices for feeding children supplementary foods are relatively good: 90.7% of mothers feed their children at the right time, however, the rate of mothers providing children with a complete range of food groups is only 23.0%. Maternal care practices for sick children have many shortcomings, with 81.7% of mothers feeding children incorrectly when they have diarrhea, and only 38.4% of children receiving oral rehydration solution (ORS) when they have diarrhea. Personal hygiene practices of the mother and child care are not good, with 24.3% of mothers not properly performing hand hygiene for themselves and their children.

Conclusions: We need to strengthen propaganda and consulting work for each group of subjects, especially the Cham ethnic people, on nutritional care practices for children from 6-24 months old.

References

Mondon C, Tan PY, Chan CL, Tran TN, Gong YY. Prevalence, determinants, intervention strategies and current gaps in addressing childhood malnutrition in Vietnam: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2024;24(1):960.

Yang B, Huang X, Liu Q, Tang S, Story M, Chen Y, et al. Child Nutrition Trends Over the Past Two Decades and Challenges for Achieving Nutrition SDGs and National Targets in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(4).

Huong PT, Lam NT, Thu NN, Quyen TC, Lien DT, Anh NQ, et al. Prevalence of malnutrition in patients admitted to a major urban tertiary care hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2014;23(3):437-44.

Birhan TA, Bitew BD, Dagne H, Amare DE, Azanaw J, Genet M, et al. Prevalence of diarrheal disease and associated factors among under-five children in flood-prone settlements of Northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional community-based study. Front Pediatr. 2023;11:1056129.

Regassa W, Lemma S. Assessment of Diarrheal Disease Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Children of 6-59 Months Old at Adama District Rural Kebeles, Eastern Ethiopia, January/2015. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2016;26(6):581-8.

Nguyet BTM. Knowledge, practice of child care by mothers and nutritional status of children under 5 years old in Lac Son district, Hoa Binh province in 2012, Medical Doctoral Thesis, Hanoi Medical University. 2012.

Abbaspour N, Hurrell R, Kelishadi R. Review on iron and its importance for human health. J Res Med Sci. 2014;19(2):164-74.

Kumari S, Garg N, Kumar A, Guru PKI, Ansari S, Anwar S, et al. Maternal and severe anaemia in delivering women is associated with risk of preterm and low birth weight: A cross sectional study from Jharkhand, India. One Health. 2019;8:100098.

Ha VP. Nutrition status and some related factors of children under 2 years old in ethnic minority areas of Huong Hoa and Dakrong districts, Quang Tri province in 2010. Master's thesis in Preventive Medicine, Ha Noi Medical University. 2010.

Hossain S, Mihrshahi S. Exclusive Breastfeeding and Childhood Morbidity: A Narrative Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(22).

Nigatu D, Azage M, Motbainor A. Effect of exclusive breastfeeding cessation time on childhood morbidity and adverse nutritional outcomes in Ethiopia: Analysis of the demographic and health surveys. PLoS One. 2019;14(10):e0223379.

Ford EL, Underwood MA, German JB. Helping Mom Help Baby: Nutrition-Based Support for the Mother-Infant Dyad During Lactation. Front Nutr. 2020;7:54.

Agarwal RK. Importance of optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in achieving millennium development goals. Indian Pediatr. 2008;45(9):719-21.

Lawan UM, Amole GT, Jahum MG, Sani A. Age-appropriate feeding practices and nutritional status of infants attending child welfare clinic at a Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. J Family Community Med. 2014;21(1):6-12.

Brito A, Olivares M, Pizarro T, Rodriguez L, Hertrampf E. Chilean complementary feeding program reduces anemia and improves iron status in children aged 11 to 18 months. Food Nutr Bull. 2013;34(4):378-85.

Kalhoff H, Kersting M. Breastfeeding or formula feeding and iron status in the second 6 months of life: A critical role for complementary feeding. J Pediatr. 2017;187:333.

Miniello VL, Verga MC, Miniello A, Di Mauro C, Diaferio L, Francavilla R. Complementary Feeding and Iron Status: "The Unbearable Lightness of Being" Infants. Nutrients. 2021;13(12).

Krebs NF, Sherlock LG, Westcott J, Culbertson D, Hambidge KM, Feazel LM, et al. Effects of different complementary feeding regimens on iron status and enteric microbiota in breastfed infants. J Pediatr. 2013;163(2):416-23.

Nagpal J, Sachdev HP, Singh T, Mallika V. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of iron supplementation in breastfed young infants initiated on complementary feeding: effect on haematological status. J Health Popul Nutr. 2004;22(2):203-11.

Abeshu MA, Lelisa A, Geleta B. Complementary Feeding: Review of Recommendations, Feeding Practices, and Adequacy of Homemade Complementary Food Preparations in Developing Countries - Lessons from Ethiopia. Front Nutr. 2016;3:41.

Vu NA, Huong LT, Hoa PTT, Huyen DTT. Knowledge and Practice of Childcare and Nutrition of Mothers and Nutritional Status of Children from 12-24 Months Old in Tien Lu District in 2011. Med Res J. 2013;82(2):148-54.

Downloads

Published

2024-05-27

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles