Changes in biomarkers of lipid in juvenile idiopathic arthritis and its association with various disease parameters: a 6-month follow-up study


  • Sonali Mitra Department of Pediatrics, Dr. B.C. Roy Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Madhumita Nandi Department of Pediatrics, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
  • Saikat Mahato Nilratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Durjoy Lahiri Cognitive and Behavioural Neurology, Baycrest Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada



Lipid profile, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Juvenile disease activity score 27


Background: The objectives of our study were to determine the changes in lipid profile (total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and assess its association with epidemiological and clinical profile of JIA patients.

Methods: This observational study was performed with 46 patients at presentation followed by 38 cases at 3 months and 18 cases at 6 months of follow up. Their demographic profile and clinical parameters including juvenile disease activity score (JADAS 27) were compared with the biomarkers of lipid profile.

Results: The mean (SD) age was 105.85 (20.23) months at first visit with mean (SD) disease duration being 15 (6.4) months. Twenty-six participants had oligoarthritic (56.5%), while the rest had polyarthritis (43.4%). Most of the patients had borderline raised TG and LDL-C (cases with raised TG n=14 (30.4%), 12 (31.5%), 5 (27.7%) at 1st visit, 3 months, and 6 months respectively and LDL-C n=12 (26%), 10 (26.3%), 6 (33.3%) at 1stvisit, 3 months, and 6 months respectively). HDL-C level was low in 36 (78.2%) cases at first visit, 28 cases (73.6%) at 3 months and 12 cases (66.6%) at 6 months respectively. Lipid profile was significantly affected by gender difference, duration of disease and drug therapy (p<0.05). Significant association have been found between JADAS score and TGL level with p value 0.03.

Conclusions: Children with JIA definitely suffer from dyslipidemia. Among the biomarkers of lipid profile, low level of HDL-C is one of the most important highlights of our study. Further studies can help to strengthen the findings and formulate necessary interventions at an early stage.


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