Clinico-etiological profile of neonates with jaundice in a tertiary care hospital of Northernmost India

Authors

  • Bashir U. Zaman Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Parvez Ahmed Lone Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Irtika Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Medical College Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Naseer Yousuf Mir Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Handwara, Jammu and Kashmir, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20241038

Keywords:

ABO incompatibility, Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, Physiological jaundice, Rh incompatibility

Abstract

Background: Neonatal jaundice is the most common problem in the first week of life leading to delayed hospital discharges and readmissions. Recognizing early neonatal hyperbilirubinemia plays a pivotal role in preventing serious complications. The aim of this study was to study the clinical profile and etiological factors leading to neonatal jaundice.

Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), department of pediatrics, government medical college, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India over a period of 6 months (August 2023 to January 2024). A total of 400 cases were enrolled for the study. Data collection was done by history taking, clinical examination and relevant laboratory investigations.

Results: In this study, out of 400 jaundiced neonates, 236 (59%) were males and 164 (41%) were females, 342 (85.5%) were born at term and remaining 58 (14.5%) were preterm babies. Among 400 neonates studied, majority (80%) had birth weight ≥2500 gm. Only 80 (20%) had birth weight less than 2500 gm. Physiological jaundice was seen in 162 (40.5%) of the total cases. This was followed by ABO incompatibility (20%), Rh incompatibility (16.5%), sepsis (8%), idiopathic (5%), prematurity (4%), cephalhematoma (4%) and breastfeeding jaundice (2%).

Conclusions: This study concludes that physiological jaundice is the most common cause of neonatal jaundice in our hospital. This was followed by ABO incompatibility, Rh incompatibility and sepsis. This highlights the importance of appropriate monitoring of neonates with these underlying risk factors.

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Published

2024-04-25

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Original Research Articles