Assessment of health status, dental hygiene, and cognitive learning of primary school children: a health-camp survey reported by a clinical pharmacist and their impact on community healthcare

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20240098

Keywords:

Health-checkup camps, Paediatric health camps, Paediatrics population, Public health

Abstract

Background: School health surveys serve as a cost-effective and comprehensive means to screen a large number of pediatric children, facilitating primary and secondary prevention initiatives simultaneously.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a primary school in Pune to assess the physical development of children aged 5 to 17 years. Data was collected using a pre-designed questionnaire and accurate methods. Height, weight, and BMI were measured, along with clinical assessments for dyslexia, dysgraphia, and signs of vitamin deficiency. Anthropometric measurements were taken using precise instruments. Eye and tongue examinations were conducted, and hydration status was assessed. The data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel-2022. Proper consent was obtained from school authorities and parents.

Results: A total of 322 participants were assessed, the age distribution revealed 49.69% males and 50.31% females. Anthropometric measurements showed 8.70% of children with a height of 90-110 cm, 34.78% with 111-130 cm, 41.61% with 131-150 cm, and 14.91% with a height ≥150 cm. In terms of weight, 44.72% weighed 15-25 kg, 29.81% weighed 26-35 kg, 16.15% weighed 36-45 kg, and 9.32% weighed ≥45 kg. BMI analysis showed 86.96% as underweight, 11.18% within the normal range, and 1.86% as severely obese. Eye conditions included 8.7% with redness, 12.4% with irritation, 24.8% with watery eyes, and 12.4% with blurred vision. Dysgraphia risk was observed in 83.23% of participants.

Conclusions: Health check-up camps can result in help in the diagnosis of major morbidities in school children and enable better practice among government schools.

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Published

2024-01-25

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Original Research Articles