Prevalence of nocturnal enuresis among children aged 05 to 10 years


  • Dipak N. Khadke MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Prabha Dasila MGM New Bombay CON, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Nitin N. Kadam MGMIHS, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • M. Saeed Siddiqui MGM Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India



Nocturnal enuresis, Effect of enuresis, Bed wetting


Background: Enuresis is common and considered to be normal among children younger than 3 years of age. Nocturnal enuresis is involuntary passage of urine during sleep among children five years of age or older. It is not a serious health problem, and children usually develop control over the bladder as they grow older but it can be upsetting for children as well as parents. India estimates 7 to 15 % prevalence rate among children and the numbers drop to 3 to 5% by the age of ten years. Objectives were to identify the children with Nocturnal Enuresis and assess their clinical profile.

Methods: A descriptive survey was conducted among the children age 05 to 10 years. Data were collected from two villages of Aurangabad district and the information was gathered from parents of 413 with the use of structured questionnaire. The first section included the socio- demographic characteristics of the children and their parents. The second section included variables related to the clinical profile and history of nocturnal enuresis in the family.

Results: The prevalence of nocturnal enuresis was 10.91% in which 06.94% were males and 03.97% females. With regard to severity 55% children were found to be in moderate category while 09% belonged to severe category of nocturnal enuresis. 

Conclusions: The prevalence rate was higher in selected villages. Most of the parents consider nocturnal enuresis as social stigma. Counseling and education of parents would help in improving general health of children in rural area.


Tsai JD, Chen HJ, Ku MS, Chen SM, Hsu CC, Tung MC et al. Association between allergic disease, sleep-disordered breathing, and childhood nocturnal enuresis: a population-based case-control study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2017;32(12):2293-301.

Alexander VG, Kuwertz-Bröking E. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Enuresis and Functional Daytime Urinary Incontinence. Deutsches Ärzteblatt Int. 2019;116(16):279-85.

Toros F, Avlan D, Çamdeviren H. Enüretik çocukların biyopsikososyal değerlendirmesi Anadolu Psikiyatr Derg. 2003;4:38-43.

Pandey S, Oza H, Shah H, Vankar G. Rate and risk factors of Nocturnal enuresis in school going children. Ind Psychiatry J. 2019;28(2):306-311.

Reddy NM, Malve H, Nerli R, Venkatesh P, Agarwal I, Rege V. Nocturnal Enuresis in India: Are We Diagnosing and Managing Correctly? Indian J Nephrol. 2017;27(6):417-26.

Fagundes SN, Lebl AS, Azevedo Soster L, Sousa E Silva GJ, Silvares EF et al. Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis in pediatric patients: multidisciplinary assessment and effects of therapeutic intervention. Pediatr Nephrol. 2017;32(5):843-51.

Alshahrani A, Selim M, Abbas M. Prevalence of nocturnal enuresis among children in Primary Health Care Centers of Family and Community Medicine, PSMMC, Riyadh City, KSA. J Family Med Prim Care 2018;7(5):937-41.

Nakate DP, Vaidya SS, Gaikwad SY, Patil RS, Ghogare MS. Prevalence and determinants of nocturnal enuresis in school going children in Southern Maharashtra, India. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2019;6:564-8.

Srivastava S, Srivastava KL, Shingla S. Prevalence of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and its correlates in school going children of Lucknow. Indian J Pediatr. 2013;80(6):488-91

Bakhtiar K, Pournia Y, Ebrahimzadeh F, Farhadi A, Shafizadeh F, Hosseinabadi R. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis and Its Associated Factors in Primary School and Preschool Children of Khorramabad. Int J Pediatr. 2014;120686:7.

Gaonkar N, Nahon JM, Bagalkot P, Parmar S, Lal R, Annigeri V et al. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in 6-15 Years School Children and its Awareness among Parents in Dharwad. Indian J Physiotherapy Occupational Therapy. 2018;12(3):11.

Sureshkumar P, Jones M, Caldwell PHY, Craig JC. Risk factors for nocturnal enuresis in school-age children. J Urol. 2009;182(6):2893-9.

Nuru HI, Daniel T, Ephrem M. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Enuresis among Children in Adama City, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Int J Physiatr. 2021;7(1).

Seyed MD, Mitra B, Marzieh M, Laleh H, Mahmood H, Mohammad HI. Urinary tract infection and enuresis in children with chronic functional constipation Iran J Kidney Dis. 2013;7(5):363-6.

Ju HT, Kang JH, Lee SD, Mi MO, Du GM, Sun-Ouck K et al. Parent and physician perspectives on the treatment of primary nocturnal enuresis in Korea. Korean J Urol. 2013;54(2):127.






Original Research Articles