Renal biopsy - indication and its implications in management of children admitted at a tertiary care hospital, Mangalore


  • Arjun Natarajan Department of Pediatrics, Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Sahana K. S. Department of Pediatrics, Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Santosh Pai Department of Nephrology, Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Anuradha C. K. Rao Department of Pathology, Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India



Percutaneous renal biopsy, Clinical diagnosis, Histopathology findings, Complications


Background: Percutaneous renal biopsy is an established diagnostic tool for identification of renal pathology required for diagnosis, treatment, and prognostication. The present study was conducted to know the common indications and histopathological findings of renal biopsy, impact of biopsy report on treatment, and complications of procedure.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted in the paediatric ward of a tertiary care level hospital. Indications of renal biopsy as suggested by medical records were noted down. Any treatment changes happened after final histopathological report were recorded. Statistical analysis was made using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 (IBM, NY).

Results: The mean age of patients at which biopsy was done was 9.83±5.31 years. Most common indications of renal biopsy were nephritic onset nephrotic syndrome (34.8%), steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (21.7%), steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome requiring calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) (17.4%), lupus nephritis (8.7%), nephrotic syndrome with later age of onset (8.7%), acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3 (4.3%) and for evidence of calcineurin inhibitor toxicity (4.3%). Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (26.1%), minimal change disease (21.7%) and membranoproliferative glomerulonephrosis (17.4%) were the most common histopathological findings.

Conclusions: This study reiterates the fact that renal biopsy is one of the decisive and diagnostic procedures and has good prognostic value in further management of medical renal disease.


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