Utilization of Nikshay Poshan Yojna in tuberculosis patients in two tuberculosis units of North India
Keywords:Direct benefit transfer, Tuberculosis, Nutrition, Financial incentive
Background: Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) was launched in 2018 aiming to provide nutritional incentive of INR 500 per month to all tuberculosis (TB) patients till they complete their treatment. Aim of present study is to determine the number (proportion) of patients being treated for tuberculosis who received the beneﬁts of NPY and to explore the ways incentives were utilized by the patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two tuberculosis units of North India from June 2022 to Dec 2022. All newly diagnosed TB patients registered and receiving treatment in these two Units were included in the study. Defaulters, relapse, failure and multidrug-resistant TB cases were excluded. Data was collected from Nikshay portal. All the patients were contacted telephonically to know whether the incentive was utilized for nutrition.
Results: Total 189 patients were included in the study. All patients received benefit under NPY. But only 26 (13.7%) received incentive in scheduled time. Out of 189 patients 56 refused to give telephonic interview about the utilization of incentives. Out of 133 patients who gave interview 85 (64%) patients utilized incentive entirely for nutrition.
Conclusions: Government should assure timely availability of funds so that patients can be benefitted timely particularly during initial months of their treatment. Also, there is a need of counselling of patients receiving treatment for tuberculosis about the importance of nutrition in their treatment so that they can utilize financial incentive for nutrition.
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