Incidence of nasal trauma in nasal continuous positive airway pressure versus heated humidified high flow nasal cannula in neonates, our experience in Government Medical College Srinagar


  • Naseer Yousuf Mir Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Mohammad Imran Malik Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India



Nasal trauma, Neonates, HHHFNC


Background: The nCPAP (nasal continuous positive airway pressure) is noninvasive mode of ventilation that decreases the need for mechanical ventilation in neonates. The newer device heated humidified high flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) delivers heated (to body temperature, 37 °C) and humidified (near 100% relative humidity) gas at flow rates of more than 1 liter/min through small bi-nasal prongs, that is more physiological.

Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in neonatal intensive care unit. The eligible neonates who were put on HHHFNC or nCPAP depending upon the availability of any of these devices at the time of admission. The details regarding complications were recorded from the admission files of these patients from medical record section of the hospital.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in complications like shock, NEC, pulmonary air leak, apnea, PDA, ROP, IVH or PVL for nCPAP or HHHFNC. However, nasal trauma was present in 18 (18%) patients in nCPAP group but in no patient in HHHFNC.

Conclusions: There is no significant differences in complication in nCPAP vs HHHFNC except nasal trauma which is more common in nCPAP.


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