Anthropometric measurements of newborns

C. K. Ramagopal Shastry, B. Poornima R. Bhat

Abstract


Background: Aims and objectives of the study were to record the anthropometric measurements of the new-borns (i) Birth weight (ii) Crown heel length, (iii) Head circumference, (v) Chest circumference, (vi) Ponderal index.

Methods: This observational study includes a total no. of 2050 consecutive live singleton infants born between 28 to 42 weeks gestation in a 1 year period. Anthropometric parameters such as birth weight, crown heel length, head circumference, chest circumference and Ponderal index were recorded.

Results: At term, mean birth weight and lengths were 2800 gm and 50 cm respectively. Similarly mean head circumference and chest circumference were 33.3cms and 31.2cms respectively. As per the study, Ponderal index was 2.2 at term.

Conclusions: Anthropometric measurements obtained provide useful references for the care of new-born in our population. This would ultimately lead to identifying at risk new-borns and help in better management.


Keywords


Anthropometry, New-born, Ponderal index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. 1995;854:1-452.

Shivaprasad SR, Manmohan, Kumar A, Kapani V. Intrauterine growth curves for midarm and thigh circumferences. Indian Pediatr. 1989;26:343-7.

Singhal PK, Paul VK, Deorari AK, Singh M, Sundaram KR. Changing trends in intrauterine growth curves. Indian Pediatr. 1991;26:281-3.

Kalra K, Kishore N, Dayal RS. Anthropometric measurements in the new-born. Indian J Paediatr. 1967;34:73-82.

Parmar VR, Bhal V, Sood KK, Raudhwa I. Anthropometric measurements and prevalence of LBW in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Pediatr. 1987;24:561-5.

Mohan M, Prasad SRS, Chelani HK, Kapani V. Intrauterine growth curves in north Indian babies: weight, length, head circumference and Ponderal index. Indian Pediatr. 1990;27:43-51.

Fok TF, So HK, Wong E, Ng PC, Chang A. Lau J, et al. Updated gestational age specific birth weight, crown-heel length and head circumference of Chinese new-borns. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003;88:F229.

Yudkin PL, Aboualfa M, Eyre JA. New birth weight and head circumference centiles for gestational age 24 to 42 weeks. Early Hum Dev. 1987;15:45-52.

Chef R. Fetal growth and repeated measurements of chest circumference. J Gynaecol Obstet Biol Reprod. 1983;12:597-601.

Lock Wood CJ, Weiner S. Assessment of fetal growth. Clin Perinatol. 1986;13:3-35.