DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20221068
Published: 2022-04-25

A study of clinical profile and outcome of COVID-19 in children

Nagaraj M. V., Somashekhar Chikkanna, Nithin Raj Muniraju Geetha, Sushma Gowda Shivegowda, Monika Govindappa

Abstract


Background: COVID-19 has become a major public health crisis around the world. This study aimed at identifying the different clinical presentations of children who were tested positive for SARS-COV-2.

Methods: Descriptive and prospective study of the children who were seen over the fever clinic and were admitted to the Sapthagiri institute of medical science and research centre over a period of 4 months from November 2021 to February 2022.

Results: Among the 251 children admitted to the hospital majority of them were males 52.5% and the age group of 1-5 years were highest affected 46.2%. The most common symptoms noted were fever 60.5%, followed by pain abdomen 45.8%, vomiting 43.8%, running nose 39%, cough 38%, diarrhoea 30.6%, decreased appetite 26.7% and the least common symptom was skin rash 0.3%. Children with comorbidites had higher risk of ICU admission. No deaths were noted during the study period.

Conclusions: The study concludes that males and children of age group 1-5 years were more affected. Children with co morbidities were more severely affected. children who were positive presented with other system involvement like gastrointestinal system. Household contact were the make cause of infection among children.


Keywords


COVID 19, Lymphopenia, SARS-COV-2

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