Infantile cortical hyperostosis, masquerading as osteomyelitis: a case report with three year follow up and review of the literature


  • Chandrakanta Nayak Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar-751019, Odisha, India
  • Barada Prasanna Samal Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar-751019, Odisha, India



Infantile cortical hyperostosis, Osteomyelitis


Infantile cortical hyperostosis is a self-limiting disease which presents with a classical triad of (1) irritability, (2) soft tissue swelling, (3) cortical hyperostosis of skeleton. Most commonly it affects mandible and its involvement is pathognomonic for this disease. There is no clear cut treatment guideline present in any literature. Here we report a case of Caffeys disease in a 5 month female child initially thought to be osteomyelitis of radius and ulna. We also present of summary of cases reported since 2000.


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