DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20221609
Published: 2022-06-23

Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breastfeeding among COVID-19 positive mothers delivered in a tertiary care centre

A. Shyamala, A. Subasakthi, P. M. Suresh

Abstract


Background: WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding in COVID-19 mothers. Colostrums not only provides the optimum source of nutrients for the neonate and its first strong protection against infection. Breast feeding lays the foundation for psychological bonding between the baby and the mother. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices among COVID-19 mothers.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study sixty-three COVID-19 positive mothers who delivered in Kanyakumari Government Medical College and had at least one child aged 2 years or younger were evaluated with an online self-reported knowledge, attitude, and practice questionnaire regarding breastfeeding. The purpose of the study was explained and informed consent was obtained on voluntary basis. The data collected was entered into Microsoft excel, analysed using SPSS version 23.0, using descriptive statistics comprising of frequencies, percentages and, measures of central tendencies.

Results: 74.6% of mothers had good knowledge,63.4% displayed good attitude and 58.7% had good breastfeeding practices. A total of 65.1% of the mothers know the importance of exclusive breastfeeding and 46% gave breastmilk as the first feed.

Conclusions: Breastfeeding knowledge was good among COVID-19 mothers, breastfeeding practice was suboptimal. Mothers should be counselled that the benefits of breastfeeding outweigh the risks for transmission.


Keywords


Breastfeeding, colostrums, COVID-19, Nutrient

Full Text:

PDF

References


Maternal and child undernutrition executive summary Available at: http://www.imagine.in/Sem6-ExeSum. pdf. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Mani K, Dwivedi SN, Pandey RM. Determinants of under-five mortality in rural empowered action group states in india: an application of cox frailty model. Int J MCH AIDS. 2012;1(1):60-72.

Azuine RE, Murray J, Alsafi N, Singh GK. Exclusive Breastfeeding and Under-Five Mortality 2006-2014: A Cross-National Analysis of 57 Low- and-Middle Income Countries. Int J MCH AIDS. 2015;4(1):13-21.

Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/ item/9241562218. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Breastfeeding and COVID-19. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/ breastfeeding-and-covid-19. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Infant and young child feeding in the context of COVID-19. Available at: https://www.unicef.org/ documents/infant-and-young-child-feeding-context-covid-19. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Davanzo R, Moro G, Sandri F, Agosti M, Moretti C, Mosca F. Breastfeeding and coronavirus disease-2019: Ad interim indications of the Italian Society of Neonatology endorsed by the Union of European Neonatal & Perinatal Societies. Matern Child Nutr. 2020;16(3):e13010.

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Breastfeeding. Available at: ttps://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/ breastfeeding-special-circumstances/maternal-or-infant-illnesses/covid-19-and-breastfeeding. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Breastfeeding and COVID-19: scientific brief, 23 June 2020. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/10665/332639. Accessed on 20 July 2021.

Lalaguna MP, Díaz-Gómez NM, Costa RM, San-Feliciano ML, Gabarrell GC. Impact de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la lactancia y cuidados al nacimiento. Importancia de recuperar las buenas prácticas. Rev Esp Salud. 2020;4:94-9.

Krishnendu M, Devaki G. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards breasfeeding among lactating mothers in rural areas of Thrissur district of Kerala, India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2017;10(2):42-8.

Revathi V. Knowledge and attitude towards exclusive breast feeding among postnatal mothers in a tertiary care teaching hospitalan institution based cross sectional study. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2021;8:1551-6.

Dukuzumuremyi JPC, Acheampong K, Abesig J, Luo J. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in East Africa: a systematic review. Int Breastfeed J. 2020;15(1):70.

Chinnasam B, Sundaramoorthy S, Sadasivam K, Pasupathy S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Mothers Regarding Breastfeeding in A South Indian Hospital. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2016;9(1):42-8.

Afnan FA. Breastfeeding knowledge, attitude and practice among mothers attending Maternity hospital at King Faisal medical complex, Taif city, Saudi Arabia 2018. World Family Med. 2019;17(12):58-72.