DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20220758
Published: 2022-03-24

Assessment of the emotional intelligence and its dimensions of students at beginning of their medical profession education

Harmesh Singh, Ishneet Singh, R. K. Soni

Abstract


Background: Medicine involves not only prescriptions but also a well-developed emotional intelligence (EI). The assessment of EI of students at their entry to medical professional training may identify weaknesses, if any, so as to be taken care during the course. Thus, it may be relevant to explore it and its dimensions because it is still a nascent field of research, hence this study was planned.

Methods: Objectives were to assess the EI and its dimensions of first year MBBS students. Study design was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Study sample were 150 first year MBBS students. Ethical approval from institutional ethics committee and informed written consent from participants obtained; administered a questionnaire based EI test. Data obtained was analysed by ANOVA. 

Results: The 53.1 % participants were females and 46.9% males. The 73.1% were 17-18 years of age and 26.9% were 19-21 years old. The mean total EI score was 353.01. Among the emotional dimensions sensitivity was significantly low (p=0.047) in males (87.35±15.34) than females (92.49±9.071). The emotional competency was significantly low (p=0.055) in the elder group (153.59±26.99) than the younger one (160.61±15.762).

Conclusions: The study identified certain gender and age differences in the EI and some weaknesses among first year medical students. Emotional sensitivity was significantly low in males and emotional competency was significantly low in the elder age group.

 


Keywords


EI, Medical education, Emotional dimensions, Maturity, Sensitivity, Competency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arora S, Ashrafian H, Davis R, Athanasiou T, Darzi A, Sevdalis N. Emotional intelligence in medicine: A systemic review through the context of the ACGME competencies. Med Edu. 2010;44:749-64.

Fernandez CSP. Emotional intelligence in the workplace. J Public Health Pract Manage. 2007;13:80-2.

Codier E, Codier DD. Could emotional intelligence make patients safer? Am J Nurs. 2017;117:58-62.

James K. Stoller. Developing Physician-Leaders: A Call to Action. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;24:876-8.

Stoller JK, Taylor CA, Farver CF. Emotional intelligence competencies provide a developmental curriculum for medical training. Med Teach. 2013;35(3):243-7.

Rotha CG, Eldina KW, Padmanabhana V, Friedmanb EM. Twelve tips for the introduction of emotional intelligence in medical education. Med Teacher. 2019;41:746-9.

Souma S, Rohit K, Sarthak S. The role of Emotional Intelligence in health care. J Psychiatry. 2016;19:7.

Doherty EM, Cronin PA, Offiah G. Emotional intelligence assessment in a graduate entry medical school curriculum. BMC Med Educ. 2013;13:38.

Singh D, Chadha NK. Know Your EQ: Emotional Quotient Test. http://www.unh.edu/emotional_intelligence/. Accessed on 23 February, 2022.

Cascio MIP, Magnano I, Plaia PA. The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Professionals Burnout. Int J Healthcare Med Sci. 2017;3:8-16.

Narayana MS, Narasimham BV. Dynamics of Emotional Intelligence and Job Performance. Int J Emerging Resin Management Technol. 2018;7:58-71.

McLeod SA, Sonnenberg LK. The emotional intelligence of pediatric residents-a descriptive cross-sectional study. CMEJ. 2017;8(1):e44-51.

Rao S, Komala M. Emotional Intelligence and Gender Differences: A Study among the Youth in Bangalore City, India. Int J Indian Psychol. 2017;4:32-40.

Suzanne N, Helen S, Kayleigh S, Pauline S. The impact of emotional intelligence in health care professionals on caring behaviour towards patients in clinical and long-term care settings: Findings from an integrative review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2018;80:106-17.

Wolf SJ, Lockspeiser TM, Gong J, Guiton G. Identification of foundational non-clinical attributes necessary for successful transition to residency: a modified Delphi study with experienced medical educators. BMC Med Educ. 2018;18:150.

Austin EJ, Evans P, Goldwater R, Potter V. A preliminary study of emotional intelligence, empathy and exam performance in first year medical students. Personality Individual Diff. 2005;39:1395-405.

Hendren RL. Predicting success and failure of medical students at risk for dismissal. J Med Educ. 1988;63:596-602.

Humphreys J, Brunsen B, Davis D. Emotional structure and commitment: implications for healthcare management. J Health Organ Manag. 2005;19:120-29.

Kroenke K. Unburdening the difficult clinical encounter. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:333-4.

McKinley SK, Petrusa ER, Fiedeldey-VanDijk C, Mullen JT, Smink DS, Shannon E et al. A multi-institutional study of the emotional intelligence of resident physicians. J Surgical Edu. 2014;71:33-40.

Del Canale S, Louis DZ, Maio V, Wang X, Rossi G et al. The Relationship Between Physician Empathy and Disease Complications. Acad Med. 2012;87:1243-49.

Parker JDA, Summerfeldt LJ, Hogan MJ, Majeski SA. Emotional intelligence and academic success: examining the transition from high school to university. Personality Individual Diff. 2004;36:163-72.