DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20170363

Tobacco and betel nut use among school going adolescents of government high school of Himmatnagar city, Gujarat, India: a cross sectional study

Nisha Prajapati, Chintu C. Chaudhari, Grishma T. Dixit, Rajendra Gadhavi, Avirat A. Bhatt, Nilesh Thakor

Abstract


Background: Adolescence period is very crucial in the life of an individual, when major physical, psychological and behavioral changes take place. Tobacco and areca nut use among school going adolescent is becoming a major public health problem. The aim was to determine the prevalence and pattern of smokeless tobacco and betel nut use among school going adolescents.

Methods: The study was a cross sectional study. After taking the permission of principal of Government high school and consent of the parents of adolescents, 546 adolescents were interviewed during February-March 2016. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Thus collected data was analyzed using SPSS 17 (Trial Version).

Results: Age of the study students (total 546) ranged from 10-19 years. (Mean age=14.60 ± 2.84 years). Out of 546 children 166 (30.4%) children had addiction. Prevalence of any type of addiction in girls and boys was 13.4% and 17.0% respectively. Tobacco prevalence was 12.3% and betel nut prevalence was 18.1%. Type of addiction and its association with gender was highly significant. All children addicted to tobacco using chewing form (gutkha) of tobacco. The mean age group of children who consume tobacco and betel nut was 16.14±1.33 years and 16.13±1.51 years respectively. Most common reasons among adolescents for starting addiction of tobacco and betel nut was to look mature (88.0%) followed by to look good (73.5%) and to refresh breathe (56.0%).

Conclusions: High prevalence of tobacco and betel nut use among adolescents needs attention of parents, teachers and health officials.


Keywords


Age at initiation, Adolescent, Betel nut, Prevalence, Substance abuse, Tobacco

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kishore J. National programme for prevention and control of diabetes, cardio vascular diseases and stroke. In, National Health Programme of India, 8th edition, New Delhi, Century Publications. 2009;480-488.

Nayak S, Thakor N, Bhatt AA, Prajapati M. Educational intervention regarding hypertension and its preventive measures among college students in Gandhinagar City, Gujarat. Ntl J Community Med. 2016;7(7):624-6.

Prasad KR. School Health. Indian J Community Medicine. 2005;30(4):109-10.

Rama B. Introduction. In, School Health Services In India, 1st edition. New Delhi, Sage Publications. 2008;6-7.

Thakor N, Prajapati D. Tobacco and areca nut use among children of primary and secondary boarding schools of Gandhinagar district: a cross sectional study. Int J Adv Med. 2014;1:137-40.

Nitin J, Nagaraj K, Kotian SM. Arecanut and tobacco use among school children in a village in South India a cross-sectional study. AMJ. 2010;3(5):299-303.

Muttapppallymyalil J, Sreedharan J, Divakaran B. Smokeless tobacco consumption among school children. Indian J Cancer. 2010;47:19-23.

Raj N, Sarita S, Gupta S, Sehgal A. Age at initiation and prevalence of tobacco use among school children in Noida, India: a cross-sectional questionnaire based study. Indian J Med Res. 2011;133:300-7.

Pal R, Tsering D. Tobacco use in Indian high-school students. Int J Green Pharm. 2009;3:319-23.

Majra JP, Basnet J. Prevalence of tobacco use among the children in the age group of 13-15 years in Sikkim after 5 years of prohibitory legislation. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33:124-6.

Singh V, Pal HR, Mehta M, Umesh K. Tobacco consumption and awareness of their health hazards amongst lower income group school children in National Capital Territory of Delhi. Indian Paediatrics. 2007;44:293-5.

Makwana N, Shah V, Yadav S. A study on prevalence of smoking and tobacco chewing among adolescentin rural areas of Jamnagar district, Gujarat State. J Med Sci Research. 2007;1(1):47-50.