DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20214939

Clinical characteristics and outcome of neonates with neonatal mastitis: a hospital based study

Mohmad S. Chesti, Shilakha Chaman, Naveed Shahzad, Sheenam Gazala

Abstract


Background: Neonatal mastitis is not an uncommon condition, mostly occurs due to Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), sometimes leading to breast abscess with detrimental effects.

Methods: Our study was retrospective, hospital based observational study carried out at Government Medical College, Baramulla from August 2017 to August 2019, all cases with features of neonatal mastitis were included in the study and also admitted in hospital. Clinical and laboratory data along with demographic data was recorded and analysed.

Results: 23 cases were included with age of presentation 8 to 28 days. Babies particularly male babies received breast massage (N=10), besides this pain (15) and redness (N=23) was most common clinical characteristics purulent discharge seen in 2 cases and 7 cases were febrile. Laboratory findings include decreased total leucocyte count (TLC) and positive C-reactive protein (CRP), pus culture from samples revealed S. aureus in 11 cases, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CONS) in 3 cases, E. coli in 2 cases and sterile in 7 cases. Most of cases were sensitive to penicillin (N=14) and in two cases were methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains resistant to methicillin. All patients responded well to intravenous (IV) antibiotics while as 8 cases required (I and D), blood cultured showed growth in 19 cases while cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis was sterile in all patients. Above all babies were discharged successfully without any complications.

Conclusions: We concluded from our study that neonatal mastitis if treated early has better outcome rather than practicing misbeliefs like breast massage to express so called witch’s milk, in addition we conclude that neonatal mastitis is not an uncommon problem.


Keywords


Neonate, Mastitis, Staphylococcus aureus

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