A prospective study of analysis of Cord blood gas to predict the short term outcome in high-risk deliveries
Keywords:Cord blood gas pH, Resuscitation, Convulsions, Encephalopathy
Background: Neonatal acidaemia at birth will increase the neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is a predictive marker of neonatal asphyxia. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between cord blood gas analysis and neonatal outcome.
Methods: A prospective hospital based observational study conducted in 150 term newborns. Cord Blood gas levels were examined, pH of 7.25 was observed in 70 samples. The primary outcomes measured were the percentage of NICU admission, need for resuscitation, convulsions, and encephalopathy.
Results: Primary outcome of NICU admission, need for resuscitation, and delay in attaining full feeds were observed to have statistical significance. The majority of the babies had pH levels that were within the normal range and had a healthy outcome. NICU admission and the need for resuscitation were observed in babies from group with acidic pH (<7.25).
Conclusions: Cord blood analysis had prognostic significance in predicting outcomes in the new-born period.
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