Hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo among pediatric patients with COVID-19 infections: a review
Keywords:COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Hearing loss, Tinnitus, Vertigo, Pediatric patients
Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading contagious respiratory disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) which manifests a plethora of health concerns. It may manifest with a wide range of clinical symptoms from no symptoms to respiratory failure and even multi-organ dysfunctions. The COVID-19 infection may present with otological manifestations such as hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, and otalgia. The otological manifestations may be due to the involvement of the eustachian tube and cochlea by COVID-19 infections. The damaging effect of the COVID-19 infection on the inner ear is a new finding which is yet to be explored. Pure tone audiometry and impedance audiometry are two important investigations for auditory assessment among pediatric patients with COVID-19 infection. Although hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo are not common as fever and cough in COVID-19 patients, however, auditory-vestibular symptoms significantly affect the quality of life. Additionally, the anxiety associated with COVID-19 infections may attribute to aggravation of otoneurological symptoms like tinnitus. However, these otoneurological manifestations like hearing loss will affect the speech of the pediatric patients and result in morbid life in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Clinicians or pediatricians should be aware of the otoneurological manifestation in pediatric COVID-19 patients for early identification and management. This review article discusses the details of this epidemiology, etiopathology, assessment, and management of hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo among COVID-19 pediatric patients.
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