Influence of maternal age and mode of conception on infant feeding attitudes of the mothers and its impact on breastfeeding practices: a hospital based cross sectional study


  • Kakoli Acharyya Department of Pediatrics, Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Saugata Acharyya Department of Pediatrics, Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India



Maternal age, Infant feeding attitude, Mode of conception


Background: Despite multiple proven benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, its practice remains elusive.

The aim of this study was to detect the influence of maternal age and mode of conception on breastfeeding practices. Questionnaire based observational study performed in the out-patient department of the Calcutta medical research institute, India.

Methods: Cross sectional survey of maternal knowledge and attitude about breastfeeding, using the translated version of the Iowa infant feeding attitude scale and to analyze their breastfeeding practice.

Results: A total 100 naturally conceived non-elderly (<35 years) mothers had significantly more (p<0.0001) mean IIFAS score in comparison to both groups of elderly (>35 years) counterparts [46 naturally conceived (NC) and 56 artificially conceived (ART)]. This difference is statistically insignificant when comparing the two groups of elderly mothers (NC and ART). While the approaches of majority of mothers were neutral towards breastfeeding, only a handful of them were exclusively breastfeeding at 6 months.

Conclusions: Elderly mothers have significantly less positive approach towards breastfeeding that do not depend on mode of conception.


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Original Research Articles