DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20150984

Correlation of serum iron and serum calcium levels in children with febrile seizures

Mohammed R. Naseer, Kailash Chandra Patra

Abstract


Background: Objective of current study was to determine association between iron deficiency anaemia and hypocalcemia in children with febrile seizures.
Methods: In this case control study 100 cases and 100 controls with and without seizures were taken, respectively. Iron and calcium deficiency determined in both groups and comparison made individually and additively.
Results: Mean hemoglobin of cases and controls was 9.14 gm% and 9.54 gm% respectively. With a P value of 0.003, being statistically significant, low hemoglobin was seen more in cases than controls. Mean value of serum ferritin in cases being 42.11 microgram/dl is statistically significant with a P value of 0.01 i.e., low serum ferritin seen in cases. Whereas mean value of serum calcium was 9.5 mg% which is statistically insignificant. Additively too iron deficiency and calcium deficiency were not associated with febrile seizures.
Conclusions: There is a positive association between iron deficiency anaemia and febrile seizures, hence it should be excluded. Whereas calcium deficiency and both iron and calcium deficiency are not associated with febrile seizures.


Keywords


Iron deficiency anaemia, Hypocalcemia, Serum ferritin, Serum calcium, Febrile seizures

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