DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20212891

Case report of COVID-19 positive new born with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)

Rajshree Rajurkar, Chanda Dangi, Gunjan Kela

Abstract


COVID-19 caused by SARS-Cov-2 virus has spread rapidly across the world. Children are just as like as adult to become infected with virus but have lesser symptoms and less severity of the disease. Necrotizing enterocolitis is one of the common gastrointestinal emergencies in neonatal intensive care unit. More than 85% of cases of NEC occur among preterm and very low birth weight. Preterm babies are vulnerable to develop NEC because of high incidence of perinatal distress factor, stasis of gut due to autonomic immaturity, poor barrier function of gut or immune defences, lack of feeding with human milk and higher incidence of nosocomial infections. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, no similar finding has been reported in the neonatal population to date. In this review we summarize the case report of two newborns admitted in our NICU who were COVID 19 positive presented to us with symptoms suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and their outcome based on presence of comorbidity. Our case reports two case of two COVID-19 positive newborns admitted in our NICU with history, examination and investigations suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis. Early initiation of antibiotics covering bowel flora, bowel rest and resuscitation, similar to our tried and true medical management of NEC, should be considered for initial management to avoid surgical intervention


Keywords


Sepsis, COVID-19, RT-PCR, NEC, Pneumatosis intestinalis

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References


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