Urinary ascites in a neonate with posterior urethral valve

Syed M. Qurram, C. V. S. Lakshmi, Farhana Nazneen, Mohammed U. Khan


Urinary ascites in a newborn is an extremely rare condition, most commonly due to posterior urethral valves, due to transmission of high intravesical pressure to calyceal fornices, and subsequent urinary ascites either by calyceal perforation or filtration through walls of urinary tract and their rupture. We describe a newborn male baby, who presented with huge abdominal distension at birth, and diagnosed as urinary ascites on paracentesis. Baby was asphyxiated and required resuscitation at birth, and ventilatory support for 4 days in v/o significant abdominal distension. Micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed posterior urethral valves. Baby also had a left sided urinoma and grade 4 vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) on MCUG. Post paracentesis and drainage of 400ml of ascetic fluid, and urinary catheterization, baby had significant improvement of deranged renal parameters, and diuresis, and could be weaned from ventilation. In v/o inability to negotiate a urethroscope, a vesicostomy was done for urinary drainage and fulguration of valves planned on follow-up.


Urinary ascites, Newborn, Male, Posterior Urethral valves

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