DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20150779

Herpes zoster in the pediatric age group: study from a tertiary care hospital

Audil M. Lanker, Shazia Jeelani, Nasir Jeelani

Abstract


Background: Herpes zoster (HZ) caused by Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is uncommon in childhood.

Methods: During a period of one year all the children with HZ coming to the Departments of Pediatrics and Dermatology from a tertiary hospital were enrolled in the study. Various parameters like demographic details, history of vaccination against VZV, site of involvement and associated complications were noted down.

Results: HZ in children is very rare. Only 19 cases were reported from a tertiary care institute. It is more common in older children (one case <5 yrs). Most common site is thoracic (55%) segmental involvement. Complications (26.3%) are rare in children as compared to elderly.

Conclusions: Paediatric herpes zoster although uncommon can develop in immunocompetent children and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of vesicular eruptions in children. Proper treatment reduces the course as well as complications in the children.


Keywords


Herpes zoster, Children, Immunocompetent

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