DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20150783

Maternal factors influencing low birth weight babies

Srinivas Prudhivi, Revanasiddappa Bhosgi

Abstract


Background: This study was conducted to know the maternal and biosocial factors that influence low birth weight babies. Maternal education, occupation, Parity, Malnutrition and anaemia did have a significant impact on birth weight.

Methods: This was a prospective study involving babies born at Dr.PSIMS & RF, Chinaoutapalli conducted over a period of 2.5 years from June 2009 to October 2011. There were a total of 450 babies in this study, of which 150 were low birth weight babies and the rest 300 babies were weighing 2.5 kg or more. To ascertain the maternal factors responsible for low birth weight babies, study of which will enable us to understand the measures involved in reducing the neonatal mortality and morbidity.

Results: In this study, an analysis 150 mothers of LBW babies was done and compared with 300 normal weight babies. The variables were subjected to computer analysis using focus format. The data was analysed using a Chi-Square for quantitative data. Chi square test was used to calculate p value. P value was considered significant if <0.05. SPSS version 16 software is used to do the necessary statistical calculations.

Conclusions: In mothers who had no education & Mothers belonging to lower socioeconomic class had higher chance of delivering low birth weight babies. Parity has a significant relationship with birth weight. There is significant association of PIH and oligohydramnious with birth weight. Maternal malnutrition and anaemia have a significant association with LBW.


Keywords


Low birth weight, Maternal height, weight, Occupation, Malnutrition anaemia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Stevens-Simon C, Orleans M. Low-birthweight prevention programs: The enigma of failure. Birth. 1999;26(3):184-91.

Makhija K, et al. Sociobiological determinants of birth weights- Indian Journal of Pediatrics 1989;56:639-43.

Berkowitz GS, Papiermik E. Epidemiology of premature birth. Epidemiology reviews. 1993;15:414-43.

Dunin – Waswicz D, Rowecka-Trazebickak. Risk factors for cerebral palsy in very-low birth weight infants. J child neurol. 2000;15:417-20.

Dharmalingam A. Nutritional status of mothers and low birth weight in India. Maternal and child health Journal. 2010;14(2):290-8.

Kramer MS. Determinants of Low Birth Weight Methodological Assessment and Meta-Analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 1987;65(5):663-737.

Negi KS, Kandapal SD, Kukreti M. Epidemiological factors affecting low birth weight. 2006;8(1).

Parlington SN. Second births to teenage mothers: risk factors for low birth weight and preterm birth. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2009;41(2):101-9.

C Tabcharoen Pregnancy outcome after age 40 and risk of low birth weight. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - 01-JUL-2009; 29(5): 378-83

N S Nair; V Nair; M Thankam - A study of birth weights of term infants at Calicut. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India 1963, 13:488

Selina Khatun and Mahmudur Rahman, socio-economic determinants of low birth weight in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2008;34:81-86

Pachauri S; Marwah SM. A multifactorial approach to the study of the factors influencing the birth weight in urban community of Delhi. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 1971;59:1318

Donelly J. Maternal,Fetal and Enviromental factors in prematurity- American Journal of Pediatrics and Gynaecology. 1964;88:918

Ghosh S, Attooja V, Mittal SK, Verma RK. Biosocial determinate of birth weight. Indian Pediatrics. 1977;14:107

Love EJ, Kinch H. Factors influencing the birth weight in normal pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 1965;91:342-9.

Niyogi AK, Gajwani BW. The influence of maternal factors on the weight of newborn. Journal of Indian Medical Association 1963;40:64.

Ganesh Kumar S, Harsha Kumar HN, Jayaram S, Kotian MS. Determinants of low birth weight : A case control study in a district hospital in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2010;77(1);87-9.

Mukherjee S, Biswas S. Birth Weight and its relationship to gestation period, sex, Maternal age, Parity and Socio economic status. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1970;37:460

Mohsin M. Maternal and neonatal factors influencing premature birth and low birth weight in Australia. J Biosoc Sci - 01-APR-2003; 35(2) 161-7428.

Dattabanik ND. A study of different birth weight babies and related factors. Indian Pediatrics 1978;16:327

Khin Nyunth, Mary Karen. Assessment of fetal growth from Birth weight. Data at Central Women’s Hospital, Burma Medical Journal. 1981, 27 (4) 36.

Khetua SP, Manarha BK, Chatterjee S, Roy PK. Polodhi. Indian Pediatrics 1970;7:65

Bachani D, Agarwal DK, Sharma S, Mathew HN. Obstet Gynaec. Ind. 1985,35:52

Martìnez AM. Contreras Preeclampsia: Main maternal risk factor for low weight in preterm newborn. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2008;76(7):398-403.

Rahman LA. Association between pregnancy induced hypertension and low birthweight; a population based case-control study. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2008;20(2):152-8.

Mondal B. Risk factor for low birth weight in Nepali infants. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2000;67(7).

Dharmalingam A. Nutritional status of mothers and low birth weight in India. - Maternal and child health Journal. 2010;14(2):290-8.

Pachauri S, Marwah SM. A multifactorial approach to the study of the factors influencing the birth weight in urban community of Delhi-Indian Journal of Medical Research 1971;59:1318.