DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20170714

Assessment of clinical parameters and immediate outcome of children with shock in a tertiary care hospital ASRAM, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India

Arigela Vasundhara, Manas Ranjan Sahoo, Sai Silpa Chowdary

Abstract


Background: Shock is a state of impaired tissue perfusion resulting in an imbalance between oxygen demand and supply. This widespread reduction in effective tissue perfusion causes insufficient or improper delivery and distribution of oxygen and nutrients, the end result of which is an altered cellular and sub cellular function leading to anaerobic metabolism and accumulation of lactic acid, and consequently cellular damage, multiple organ dysfunction and finally cardiovascular collapse.

Methods: The present study was conducted in the department of Pediatrics at Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences hospital, Eluru, between December 2014 and June 2016. It is a prospective study. Children aged 1 month to 12 years with a clinical diagnosis of shock were included after written consent from parents.

Results: Out of 75 children admitted with shock, 69.33% had septic shock, 25.33% had hypovolemic shock, 2.66% had distributive shock, 2.66% cardiogenic shock. Most common age group admitted with shock was 1 month-1 year 38.666%. Among 75 children with shock, 74.66% children survived and 25.33% children died. Mortality rate in cardiogenic shock was 100%, in septic shock 28.84%, in hypovolemic shock 10.52%.

Conclusions: Septic shock was the most common type of shock. Most common cause for septic shock was pneumonia. Septic shock has got highest mortality in the present study.Need for inotropes and mechanical ventilaton indicates poor prognosis in shock.


Keywords


Cardiogenic shock, Hypovolemic shock, Mortality, Septic shock

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