Effectiveness of an instructional module regarding first-aid of pediatric emergencies on knowledge among mothers of 1-6 years children

Km Arti, Rina Kumari, Sciddhartha Koonwar, Anugrah Charan


Background: The first aid is given to preserve and protect life, prevent further injury or deterioration of the victim, and help to promote recovery. The objectives of the study were to assess the pre- test knowledge scores regarding first aid of pediatric emergencies among mothers of 1-6 years children, to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional module regarding first aid of pediatric emergencies on knowledge among mothers of 1-6 years children, to find out the association between the post-test knowledge scores of mothers with their demographic variables.

Methods: Quasi-experimental with one group pre-test post-test design was used for 48 mothers at pediatric medical ward, surgery ward and trauma emergency KGMU, Lucknow and   purposive   sampling   technique   was   used.   Self-structured knowledge questionnaires on first aid of pediatric emergencies were used. Based on the objectives and the hypotheses the data were analyzed by using various statistical tests.

Results: The result reveals that the overall score was 13.17 in pre-test and 20.13 in post- test after distribution of Instructional module to mothers 22 (45.83%) had good knowledge and 26 (54.17%) had average knowledge regarding first aid of selected conditions of pediatric emergencies. Paired ‘t’ test showed that there was a significant improvement between pre-test and post-test scores with a 't' value of -24.639, p<0.05.

Conclusions: The study findings revealed that the Instructional module regarding first aid of Pediatric Emergencies was effective in improving knowledge of mothers of 1-6 years children.



First aid, Pediatric emergencies, Instructional module

Full Text:



St. John Ambulance, First aid, 6th edition, 2015, published by Indian Red Cross Society, New Delhi, 1

Linto M, Maria T. A study to assess the effectiveness of self- module on knowledge regarding selected first aid measures among primary school teachers in Ernakulam district. Int J Medic Heal Profes Res. 2015;2(1):17-31.

Tintu T. Effect of a planned teaching program on knowledge regarding pediatric emergencies and its first aid management among mothers of under-five children in selected anganwadis at Ernakulam district in Kerala. Ind J Res. 2017;6(9):32-4.

Stanford Children's Health - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford. Available at: Accessed on 20 May 2020.

Rania H, Yahya M, Hisham S, Mohammed H. Knowledge Regarding First Aid of Childhood Emergency Conditions among Caregivers attending Primary health centers. Imper J Interdisciplin Res. 2017;3(11)615-24.

Home S, Topics S. Choking. Available at: 2020. Accessed on 29 May 2020.

Ding G, Wu B, Vinturache A, Cai C, Lu M, Gu H. Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration in children: a 5-year retrospective study from Shanghai, China.

MM, Chapin, LM Rochette, JL Annest, T Haileyesus, KA Conner, GA Smith, Nonfatal choking on food among children 14 years or younger in the United States. August. 2013;132(2)275-81.

Jaklein R, Amal El, Primary teachers' first aid management of children's school day accidents: Video-assisted teaching method versus lecture method, J Nurs Educat Pract. 2015;5(10)60-9.

Pandey R, Chauhan R, Dobhal S, Dabral S, Nathani S, Negi S, et al. First aid knowledge among health assigned teachers of primary schools. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(4):1522-7.

Rekha S, Aravind K, Deepthi K, Rathna CK, Knowledge and assessed practice regarding first aid among mothers of under 15 years children – A community-based study in a rural area of south India. US Nation Lib Medic J. 2014;7(4):284-9.

Polit B, Nursing Research- Generating and Assessing evidence for nursing practice, 10th edition, Wolters Kluwer, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2017:748,746,624.

Lalrinfela R, Bibin K, To assess the Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on knowledge regarding first aid management of selected pediatric emergencies at home among mothers of under-five children. Int J Sci Res. 2019;8(6):40-1.