Published: 2020-08-25

Demographic profile and outcome analysis in paediatric intensive care unit at tertiary care hospital in the sub-Himalayan region

Nilay Ranjan Bagchi, Goutam Das, Aritra Guha


Background: Care of critically ill children continues to be one of the most challenging aspects of the field of paediatrics. Our study therefore, was done to see the demographic and morbidity pattern of the disease at a tertiary care hospital in the Sub Himalayan region and also the modifications that can lead to better outcomes.

Methods: This was a retrospective record-based study which reviewed the admissions in to the PICU of tertiary care centre in the Sub Himalayan region of North Bengal for a period of 2 years (April 2018 to April 2020) with age group more than one month to twelve years of age from both medical and surgical sub-specialties. Data collected in pre-designed pro forma. Descriptive study analysis was done.

Results: Out of the total 776 cases analysed 59% were male. LRTI comprised of maximum percentage of cases 27.8%, followed by sepsis (21.6%) and meningo encephalitis (16.7%). A maximum of 39% stayed for 3-7days in PICU, and 29.9% expired. Out of the total deaths, meningo encephalitis was responsible for maximum (27.6%).

Conclusions: Our study is the first of its kind depicting the the demographic and morbidity patterns of the disease at a PICU in a tertiary care hospital in the Sub Himalayan region. Outcome analysis showed that PICU mortality rate was higher than in relevant recent studies.



Demography, Pediatric intensive care, Mortality, Meningo encephalitis

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