A clinical study of spectrum of low platelet count to establish etiology, diagnosis, complications and prognosis in newborns admitted in Al-Ameen medical college hospital NICU, Bijapur, Karnataka, India


  • Rizwan U. Zama Department of Pediatrics, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India
  • Naushad Ali N. Malagi Department of Pediatrics, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India
  • A. N. Thobbi Department of Pediatrics, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India
  • Salim A. Dhundasi Department of Physiology, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India




Birth asphyxia, Low platelet count, Mucosal bleeding, Neurodevelopment, Septicemia


Background: In the newborn low platelet count is a common finding in both preterm and term newborn. It has been estimated that as many as 22% of all new borns admitted to NICU develop low platelet counts. A platelet count of less than 150,000/mL is defined as thrombocytopenia irrespective of the age of the individual.

Methods: All the neonates underwent necessary blood investigations like Complete blood counts, (including platelet counts, HB estimation, Red cell indices and PCV), Capsular Polysaccharide - reactive protein. (CRP), Peripheral Smear study, Blood culture, BT, CT, PT, aPPT, Anti-platelet Antibodies.

Results: The prevalence of thrombocytopenia in our study was 28%. The proportion of severe thrombocytopenia among the neonatal thrombocytopenia, 11.2% in our study.

Conclusions: It can be concluded that thrombocytopenia is very much common in among our NICU admissions. Septicemia is its most important and most common cause.


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Original Research Articles