Published: 2020-05-22

Correlation of serum level and selective blood indices in children with feberile seizures in Chittoor district, India

Rajesh Kumar V., Ande Penchalaiah


Background: A seizure or convulsion is a paroxysmal, time-limited change in motor activity and/or behavior that result from abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures are common in the pediatric age group and occur in approximately 10% of children. Most seizures in children are provoked by somatic disorders originating outside the brain, such as high fever, infection, syncope, head-trauma, hypoxia, toxins, or cardiac arrhythmias. To study the association between iron deficiency and the first febrile seizure.

Methods: The present study is a retrospective study conducted at the teaching hospital, Chittoor district from August 2019 to December 2019. In this study to detect low iron status as a possible risk factor for first febrile seizures, 63 cases, and 63 age and sex-matched controls are studied and analyzed.

Results: In this study family history of febrile seizures is seen only in 28.5% of cases. The mean serum ferritin level in this study is 14.5ng/ml. Thus the mean serum ferritin, HB, and MCV are found to be signed on the lower side among children with febrile seizures.

Conclusions: Plasma ferritin level and blood indices are significantly lower in children with febrile seizures as compared to children without febrile seizures suggesting that iron-deficient children are more prone to febrile seizures.


Febrile seizures, Iron deficiency anemia, Mean Corpascular Volume, Serum ferritin

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