DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20201667

Seizures in a child with tuberculomas: case report

Karandeep S. Bhatti, Arvinder Singh

Abstract


Central tuberculomas, occurring because of the haematogenous spread of  M. tuberculosis, can present variably with the symptoms ranging from headache, decreased level of consciousness, neck stiffness to altered mental status, seizures and focal deficits. Diagnostic investigations include but are not limited to CSF analysis, MRI Brain, CT head, and AFB smear, mycobacterial cultures or CBNAAT of the CSF sample. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy can help distinguishing the tuberculoma from its differentials by showing a peculiar lipid peak. Treatment with the antituberculosis drugs over a prolonged period of time along with dexamethasone usually shows significant clinical improvement. Authors present to you the case report of an 8 year old boy who presented to the pediatric emergency with generalized tonic clonic seizures and was subsequently detected with the tuberculoma with the help of MRI Brain and CBNAAT (cartridge based nucleic acid amplification test) of CSF sample. The objective of this case report is to discuss the symptoms, pathogenesis, detection and management of tuberculomas, which are still quite common in the developing countries and if left untreated are associated with high morbidity and mortality.


Keywords


Antituberculosis drugs, Cartridge based nucleic acid amplification test, Dexamethasone, MRI brain, Tuberculoma, seizures

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References


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