Diagnostic value of polymerase chain reaction targeting insertion sequence IS1081 for the diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis


  • Shehraz Firoz Department of Pediatrics, F.H. Medical College, Etmadpur, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Sonia Bhatt Department of Pediatrics, F.H. Medical College, Etmadpur, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India




MGIT, PCR IS1081, Pediatric tuberculosis, ZN straining


Background: Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of PCR targeting IS1081in diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis and compare the results with MGIT culture.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the department of pediatrics, S.N. medical college, Agra. 100 subjects (28 pulmonary 72 extra pulmonary) were registered in study. The specimens obtained from these cases were subjected to Ziehl–Neelsen staining (ZN), MGIT 960 TB culture and PCR targeting insertion sequence IS1081. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of PCR were calculated in pulmonary and extra pulmonary specimens. The results of PCR IS1081 were compared to MGIT culture.

Results: Microscopy with ZN staining was positive in 12 (12%) samples. MGIT culture was positive in 44% samples with maximum positivity in sputum (70%). PCR IS1081 has shown 93.3% sensitivity in pulmonary tuberculosis, while PCR IS1081 has shown 93.1% sensitivity in extra pulmonary tuberculosis.  In diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis PCR IS1081 was found to be statistically significant (p value <0.05) as compared with MGIT culture. Result was statistically significant (p value <0.05) in CSF samples only.

Conclusions: The study concluded that the PCR targeting sequence IS1081 technique is the most sensitive technique for a quick identification of MTB in pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis.


Global Tuberculosis Control Report 2019. Available at: https://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/. Assessed 25 January 2020.

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