Published: 2020-03-21

Does H. pylori therapy augments the effect of iron therapy among children with iron deficiency anemia?

Arif Husain, Shrish Bhatnagar


Background: To assess beneficial effects of H. pylori therapy on children with pre-existing Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA).

Methods: A total of 218 consecutive patients with iron deficiency anemia (Hb 6-11 gm/dl) were invited to participate in the study. Patients underwent endoscopic biopsy and rapid urease test for H. pylori detection. A total of three groups were formed- Group I (n=13) - positive for H. pylori, underwent treatment for H. pylori therapy and IDA, Group II (n=16) - positive for H. pylori, underwent treatment for IDA only, Group III (n=101) - negative for H. pylori, underwent treatment for IDA only. All the patients were followed up after every 4 weeks till week 12. Change in haematological parameters and anaemic and iron status was assessed. Chi-square paired ‘t’-test and ANOVA were used using SPSS 21.0.

Results: All the 3 groups showed a significant increase in S. Hb, Ferritin and iron levels and a decrease in S. TIBC levels. At 12 weeks, mean S. ferritin and S. iron levels were significantly higher in Groups I and III as compared to Group II while Mean S. TIBC levels were significantly higher in Group II as compared to that in Groups I and II. A total of 73.3% of Group III, 53.8% of Group I and 56.3% of Group II patients had hemoglobin levels >11 g/dl, but difference was not significant (p=0.175).

Conclusions: The findings of study showed that H. pylori therapy augments the effect of iron therapy among H. pylori positive children with iron deficiency anemia.


H. pylori therapy, Iron deficiency anemia, Rapid urease test, S. Iron

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