DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20195735

Neuroimaging studies in children aged 6 months to 16 years with new onset afebrile seizures

Akula Satyanarayan, Gangina Sriram, Ganga Bhavani, T. Jaya Chandra

Abstract


Background: Seizures are the most common pediatric neurological disorder. With this a study was conducted to determine the frequency of abnormal neuroimaging in children aged between 6 months to 16 years with new onset afebrile seizures.

Methods: Study was conducted in the department of pediatrics, GSL Medical College. Children aged six months to sixteen years, presented with the symptoms of first episode of afebrile seizures were included in the study. After through clinical examinations, findings were recorded, and all the participants underwent imaging studies such as CT and MRI. And the findings were recorded. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Total of 80 participants were included in the study; in this, 22.5% (18) had simple partial, 41.3% (33) had complex partial and 5% (4) had partial seizures with 20 generalization and 31.3% (25) had generalized seizures. Seizures were more common among non-vegetarians (p<0.05). Bain CT shows localization to the parietal lobe in 54% of these cases.

Conclusions: Neurocysticercosis and tuberculoma are common causes of seizures. Although cysticercosis incidence is greater in pork eaters, but vegetarians shouldn’t be excluded. Studies on large sample size for long time are recommended.


Keywords


Abnormal, Aged, Children, Incidence, Neuroimaging, Seizures

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