DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20194556

A cross sectional study to find incidence of clinically detectable congenital malformations and factors affecting it in tertiary care hospital

Vikram V. Yaragatti, Shivanagouda .

Abstract


Background: Congenital malformations are emerging as an important perinatal problem, contributing sizably to the perinatal mortality with considerable repercussions on the mothers and the families. Patients with multiple congenital anomalies present a relatively infrequent but tremendously difficult challenge to the pediatrician. Authors objective was to study the incidence of clinically detectable congenital malformations among consecutive births in hospital deliveries examined during hospital stay.

Methods: A prospective cross sectional study was conducted in Department of Pediatrics at Dr R N Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai from June 2016 to June 2017. All live births from June 2016 to June 2017 were considered in the study

Results: The total number of deliveries in our hospital were 3120(100%) and the total number of babies with congenital anomaly were 43(1.4%), So the incidence of congenital anomalies amongst study population was 1.4%. The involvement of various systems was seen in our study. The involvement of CNS (9.3%), Eye (7%), ENT (28%), GIT (20.9%), Urinary Tract (2.3%), Musculoskeletal System (35%), Gentialia (7%), CVS (7%).

Conclusions: Congenital malformation, one of the important causes of infant mortality and morbidity can be reduced by proper preconception care and level two anomaly scan. Congenital anomalies must be identified, as early diagnosis and surgical correction of malformed babies offer the best chance for survival.


Keywords


Anamoly, Birth congenital, Marriage, Malformation

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