Incidence of culture proven neonatal sepsis, pattern of antibiotic sensitivity and clinical course in neonatal intensive care unit in tertiary care center in North India


  • Mohit Tayal Department of Pediatrics, Rajasthan University for Health Sciences College of Medical Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Abhishek Kumar Sharma Department of Pediatrics, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Ruchira Sharma Department of Pharmacy, Swasthya Kalyan Homeopathic College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India



Antibiotic resistance, Blood culture and sensitivity, Mortality, Sepsis


Background: Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of neonatal mortality, accounts for nearly half of all the neonatal deaths in our country. The incidence of neonatal septicemia ranges from 1 to 10 per 1000 live births. In our country the incidence of culture proven neonatal sepsis is 8.6 per 1000 live births, intramural data. Antibiotics are rapidly losing their effectiveness, with some early reports going so far to suggest that we are approaching a post-antibiotic era. Aims of this study was to find out the incidence of culture proven neonatal sepsis and to analyze data collected for mortality and morbidity in culture proven neonatal sepsis and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in culture proven neonatal sepsis at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital (SDMH), Jaipur.

Methods: The study included 129 newborn fulfilling the inclusion criteria, admitted into NICU of SDMH, Jaipur from 01st January 2013 to 31st December 2013, were investigated using various hematological and biochemical test e.g. CBC, Serum CRP, Blood culture and sensitivity, CSF examination includes cell counts, gram staining, biochemistry, culture and sensitivity etc.

Results: Overall 722 cases admitted in NICU during the period of one-year 2013. Out of which 129 cases had blood culture proven neonatal sepsis (17.87%). 14.88% cases in P.C.U. and 21.79% cases in I.P.U. had positive blood culture sepsis with statistically significant difference (p value 0.016, <0.05).

Conclusions: Antibiotic resistance is an emerging problem requires justified use of antibiotics.


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