DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20193154

Morbidity and mortality profile of preterm neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care centre in Western Uttar Pradesh, India

Najia Hassan, Sujaya Mukhopadhyay, Sneha Mohan

Abstract


Background: Preterm birth is a major cause of mortality and morbidity for newborns. Complications of prematurity are becoming more common as more survivors are spending time in Neonatal intensive care unit.

Methods: A retrospective hospital based clinical observational study was conducted in NICU in Sharda hospital, a tertiary care centre in Greater Noida. Data regarding neonates′ age, sex, clinical presentation, maternal risk factors, complications and outcome were recorded.

Results: A total of 133 preterm neonates were enrolled in the study. Maternal risk factors like Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) was seen in 19.5% cases, Urinary tract infection in 15% and Antepartum haemorrhage in 14.2% cases. Among the complications of prematurity, RDS was noted in 38.3% cases, Hyperbilirubinemia in 16.5% and feed intolerance in 15% cases. Sepsis was present in 3% of the preterm. Mortality rate was 7.5%. Most common cause of death was RDS.

Conclusions: Pregnancy induced hypertension and Antepartum haemorrhage were important maternal risk factors for prematurity. Respiratory distress syndrome and perinatal asphyxia were the important causes of mortality in the present study.


Keywords


Morbidity, Mortality, Neonates, Preterm, Profile, Uttar Pradesh

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