Anthropometric outcome of extremely low birth weight and very low birth weight newborn at 12 months of corrected age associated with prenatal risk factors

Balai Ch. Karmakar, Ramesh Ch. Kalder


Background: Advancement of skill, technology and perinatal medicine has led to improve survival of low birth weight babies during the last few decades but they have reported high incidence of growth failure during infancy and early childhood. The objective of the study was to find out the influence of perinatal risk factors on anthropometric outcome.

Methods: A prospective cohort study conducted on 143 ELBW and VLBW babies admitted in Sick Newborn Care Unit (SNCU and PICU) of North Bengal Medical College and Hospital (NBMC), Darjeeling, West Bengal from 2016 to 2017 and discharged babies were followed up.

Results: Total 143 neonates were studied at NBMC among male 82(57.3%) and female 61(42.7%), 95 were AGA and 48 were SGA babies. Significant positive correlations were found among birth weight, gestational age, perinatal infection (p<0.001). The mean weight for age (Mean±SD) was 7.615±1.1092 kg with median 7.8 kg. The mean length for age (Mean±SD) was 72.6±3.74 cm with median 73 cm. The mean head circumference for age (Mean±SD) was 42.5±2.12 cm median 43 cm. Adverse neonatal outcome associated with CRIB II score ≥10. Total CRIB II score with parameters of growth (<-2 Z score) like weight for age, length for age, weight for length and head circumference for age shows significant correlation (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Perinatal risk factors are important determinant for future anthropometric outcome in very low and extremely low birth weight babies. They should be identified, and appropriate measures should be taken to achieve good outcome.


Anthropometric outcome, Corrected gestational age, CRIB II, Growth parameters Perinatal risk Very low and extremely low birth weight baby factors II score

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