Double surface light emitting diode phototherapy versus double surface compact florescent light phototherapy in neonatal non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia: a randomized controlled trial


  • Sham B. Lohiya Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
  • Tarsem Jindal Senior Consultant, Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi, India.



Compact fluorescent tube, Jaundice, Light emitting diode, Neonate, Phototherapy


Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy is as efficacious as compact fluorescent tube (CFT) phototherapy for the treatment of non-hemolytic jaundice in healthy term and late preterm neonates.

Methods: Study design was open label randomized controlled trial conducted at tertiary care NICU. Healthy term and late preterm neonates with non-haemolytic jaundice included in the present study. Intervention was double-surface LED or CFT phototherapy. Primary outcome variable was duration of phototherapy.

Results: A total of 60 neonates were randomized to receive LED (n=30) or CFT (n=30) phototherapy. The baseline demographic and biochemical variables were similar in the two groups. The median duration of phototherapy (Mean±SD) in the two groups was comparable (26.7±7.0) h vs (24.8±6.05) h, P=0.0.241). The rate of fall of serum total bilirubin (STB) during phototherapy in initial 6 hours was significantly more LED group (n=30), 3.43±0.65 versus (n=30) 2.22±0.55 with P-value of <0.001.

Conclusions: LED and CFT phototherapy units were equally efficacious in the management of non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term and late-preterm neonates.  Side effects were rare, comparable in the two groups and included only rash.


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