DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20192573

A study of neonatal morbidity and mortality in government general hospital, Srikakulam Andhra Pradesh, India

Gunasekhar Raju S., Somasekhara Rao S.

Abstract


Background: Four million newborn babies die in the neonatal period, India 1.2 million neonatal deaths every year. India contributes for a quarter of global neonatal deaths and thus faces the biggest newborn health challenge of any country in the world. The aims of the study were done with the objective to conclude the morbidity and mortality pattern of neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Methods: Hospital based prospective study was conducted at NICU Government Medical Collage, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India. Neonates from admission to discharge flowed, LAMA or death collecting the data by using a predesigned standardized preform.

Results: Neonates were admitted in the NICU during period April 2014 to March 2019. The data analysis for the morbidity showed that the neonatal jaundice (NNJ) were 765(10.57%) , septicemia were 1110 (15.34%), prematurity were 593 (8.19%), birth asphyxia were 963 (13.30%), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were 184 (2.54%),hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) were 984 (8.46%), meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS)were 612 (8.46%),transient tachypnea of neonate (TTN) were 634 (8.76%), low birth weight (LBW) were 418 (5.77%), intra uterine growth retardation (IUGR) were 179 (2.47%), congenital anomalies were 131 (1.81%), meningitis were 83 (1.15%), seizure disorder were 49 (0.68%) and others. The disease wise mortality among the neonates admitted to NICU was studied and were found that prematurity 212 (35.75%), septicemia were 74 (6.67%), birth asphyxia were 91 (21.70%), meconium aspiration syndrome were 70 (11.44%) and respiratory distress syndrome were 66 (35.87%), low birth weight were 102 (24.40%) congenital anomalies were 31 (23.66%) the top major contributors to the neonatal mortality.

Conclusions: The commonest causes of admission were neonatal jaundice (NNJ), sepsis, prematurity, meconium aspiration syndrome, birth asphyxia, low birth weight, congenital anomalies. The most common cause of case fatality was prematurity, meconium aspiration syndrome, birth asphyxia, low birth weight, congenital anomalies in NICU in a tertiary care teaching hospital, government medical college, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India.


Keywords


Care, Causes, Morbidity, Mortality, Neonatal

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