DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20193707

Study of common aeroallergens in children with wheeze: a hospital based cross sectional study

Kalavathy Jasmine Masillamoni, Nayantara R. Gandra

Abstract


Background: Prevention of diseases of the allergic origin depends upon the early identification of aeroallergens. Vaccine for allergy may not be required in all cases. but when treatment is not successful, then there is requirement of the vaccine. Objective of study allergens responsible for inducing recurrent wheezing

Methods: A cross sectional observation study was carried out at Departmetn of Pediatric, Shadan Institue of Medical Sciences, Peerancheru, Hyderabad, Telangana, India from June 2017 to June 2018 among 100 children with recurrent (4 or more episodes of wheezing in past one year) ages between 2 yrs to 10 yrs. Using the guidelines for skin prick test as per the European committee, the skin prick test was carried out. Insulin syringe was used for the intradermal test. It is done using standardized allergen extracts (Creative Diagnostic Medicare pvt ltd) were done for our cases.

Results: Out of 100 children studied, 67 children were found to be sensitive to at least one of the aeroallergen and 33 children were found to be negative for all the aeroallergens. A statistically significant correlation is seen between the age groups and sensitivity (p value 0.025). Out of 67 children with a positive skin prick test, 66 children showed the sensitivity to indoor allergens. The association between the indoor allergens and the wheezing is statistically significant (P value <0.0001)

Conclusion: In children the sensitivity to indoor allergens is more prevalent than sensitivity to outdoor allergens. Sensitivity to pollen was found in older children more than 5 years of age.


Keywords


Common allergens, Prevention, Recurrent wheezing, Treatment, vaccine

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