Knowledge and attitude towards oral rehydration therapy among mothers of under-five children of South Rajasthan, India

Hemant Jain, Subhash Bamnawat

Abstract


Background: Diarrhoea is the major cause of morbidity and mortality among children less than 5 year of age. Adequate rehydration therapy is most important aspect of management. Home based Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) prevents morbidity and mortality. In this study our objective was to assess the awareness, knowledge and practice of mothers of under-five children regarding ORT and home management of diarrhoea.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at tertiary care centre of south Rajasthan. A questionnaire was provided to all the mothers of under-five children.

Results: A total of 235 mothers were enrolled. 65% mothers have awareness regarding diarrhoea prevention. 80% of mothers were aware of Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) and 72.7% knew how to prepare and administer ORS. Also, majority of mothers 78% were aware about home available fluids for rehydration. Knowledge of danger sign of severe dehydration was poor. Mothers educated only till class eight were almost twice less likely to know about ORS preparation as compared to better educated mothers (70%vs 30%). No association was found between lack of knowledge regarding home available fluids with younger age.

Conclusions: Majority of mothers were aware regarding ORS and home available fluids. Knowledge of danger signs related to severe dehydration was low. Lack of education predisposed to ignorance regarding ORS preparation. Health education will be required to prevent diarrhoea morbidity and mortility.


Keywords


Diarrhoea, Under-five, Oral rehydration solution, ORS, Homemade fluids, Knowledge

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